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Poli Sci 3Y03 - Jan 28, 2014

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Political Science
Nibaldo Galleguillos

Started on: 01/28/2014 C LASS N OTES FOR : P OLI S CI 3Y03 McMaster University, Fall 2013 T UESDAY , ANUARY 28, Y - Parallel course of historical development -- Concrete historical terms, western Europe beginning with the two enlightenment periods significant changes will also occur in the economy in the larger society. - In politics, moral, ethical, ideological, ideational issues - Historical processes  many historical processes can be encapsulated to four main historical processes. - Historical processes that develop in opposition to each other DIALECTICS OF MODERN WESTERN DEVELOPMENT 1. Individualism vs. Collectivism (nationalism): the great ideological debate! a. Invent the notion of the individual b. Occurs as a result of clearly understood historical processes. c. At the same time that the notion and practice occurs in contradiction with the emergence, expansion and development of the ‘collectivity’ i. Gradual emergence, development and expansion of the modern European state! d. The great ideological debate! e. Historical development happens simultaneously. f. IDEOLOGICALDEBATE  i. Do human beings exist for the state or does the state exist for human beings ii. Philosophers play on the ideological left and right iii. Left and right philosophers have different views on the relationship between the state and society iv. Whether man and woman exist in order to be at the service of the state v. Leftist intellectual (liberal) feels that the state is supposed to be at the service of the people. vi. Different perception of the human nature! vii. Whether the state is to be seen as guarantor to civil and political rights (i.e individual rights) and vice versa! 2. Faith (church) vs. Secularism a. Reformation movement, the protestant reformation movement b. The protestant reformation movement in the earlier 16 century is one that goes a long way to explain another type of conflict that has to do more with organizational supremacy. “Who is going to rule our lives?” - church or state! c. Reformation movement  “Secularism” i. How we put the church where the church belongs  Private domain! ii. State takes over what the church used to do! 3. Nation State vs. world system a. At the same time that the concept of the individual was emerging, there was another supranational organization beginning to take shape! b. The WORLD SYSTEM c. The 16 century is a period of European colonialism  brought different people and so on together under the World Capitalist system! d. Globalization  The national state has been weakened as a result of the World System! e. What is more important? Individual, national state or the supranational organization? Angie © McMaster University 1 Winter 2014 Started on: 01/28/2014 f. Example  Canada being overruled by supranational organizations in terms of foreign investment. g. Much of the progress is attributed to whom or what? CAPITALISM… Before capitalism there was a real person called the capitalist. 4. Capitalist economic expansion vs. increasing poverty a. Progress  Through capitalism? b. Acapitalist has been construed as this unique human being who emerged in the 15 th century who was the innovator, risk taker, etc. The capitalist makes possible capitalism and it makes it possible our physical and tangible progress and improvement. c. “Capitalism is the most progressive force that human kind has ever known!” Karl Marx d. Distinction in addition to its constant progress and innovation… i. Huge disparities bet
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