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Lecture 8

POLSCI 1G06 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Regulation 17, English Canada, Distinct Society

Political Science
Course Code
Todd Alway

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Wednesday, February 3, 2016
Political Science 1G06 2016 II Lecture 5b Federal Politics
Federal Politics
Why did Canada develop as a Federation rather than as a unitary state?
Constitutional Federalism reflects the distinct linguistic, cultural, and social differences in
different areas of Canada
Particularly between English Canada and French Canada
Key questions coming out of this difference:
Is Quebec one province amongst many or is it a separate nation?
Can Quebec realize its aspirations inside of a majority Anglophone Federal Canada?
Canada was colonized by the french and then the British!
Francophone (french speaking ppl)!
Quebec acts as a separate nation
civil law (based on civil code In Quebec) and all other territories is based on the common law!
Quebec acts as distinct society, not only is language!
Several post-Confederation events have been highlighted by some as failures of English Canada
to respect Francophone interests:
1 Riel Rebellions (1870, 1885)
Looey Riel - French catholic Metis leader, advocated for these ppl , he was in Manitoba!
he was arrested in the rebellion in 1870 and was sentenced to death
french Canadians looked highly at him!
Sir John A McDonald allowed Riel to be hung!
fracephones were not protected
2. Bilingualism in Manitoba (1890)
Manitoba is established as a bi lingual province!
immigration happens in Manitoba from english Canada
francaphones are no longer in power!
this became watered down!
3. Bilingualism in Ontario: Regulation 17 (1912)
ended the use of french in public schools (can only have for the first 2 years of school and only 1
hour a day after that)!
this was to make sure that Canadians were being taught english dominantly!
The court says that regulation 17 is constitutional and it can stand!
4. Conscription in WWI
Canada’s army is small in this time and the flow of volunteers slows down due to the severity of
the war!
because of this conscription was put into place!
this has a negative impact of quebecers because!
5. Conscription in WWII
McKenzie help a referendum on conscription!
find more resources at
find more resources at
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