POLSCI 1G06 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Polluter Pays Principle, Joint Implementation, Market Failure

39 views3 pages
Political Science 1G06 2014 Lecture 7a The Politics of the Environment
- According to many commentators, the earth is currently experiencing
multiple environmental crises:
- Greenhouse Effect:
- Ozone Depletion
- Species Depletion
-Human activity has been identified as a primary cause of these
environmental crises
-At the most basic level, consider Population growth:
- Linear versus geometric (exponential) growth
- Increasing 1.2%/year
- By 2050 between 8 and 11B people in the world
- This raises several questions with respect to the environment:
- 1. How will all these new people be fed without overrunning the
natural environment?
- 2. What impact will 11 Billion consumers have on the environment?
-Environmental issues are political issues, not merely scientific
issues:
- Because human impact is the cause of the environmental problem, any
solution is definitively a political issue
-1. Why is Population growth a political issue?
- Population growth is not even throughout the world
- 86% of global population growth is concentrated in the
underdeveloped world
- Northern tendency to blame the South for over-procreating
- By contrast, many developing country governments have noted a
correlation between high birth rates and poverty
- Lower poverty and you will lower birth rates
-2. Environmental agreements are also political issues:
- Who should pay the costs associated with environmental clean-up?
- Some principles being advocated from the less-developed world:
1
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.