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POLSCI 2J03 Lecture Notes - Joint-Stock Company, Ming Dynasty, Hegemony

Political Science
Course Code
Richard Mc Master

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Political Science 2J03
European Competition:
o Spain at war 81% of the time
o England 53%
o France 52%
Innovation in military technology
o Cannons and ships
Raising Revenue: gain access to wealth to rage war
o Collected more in taxation than Ming China
o allow companies to exist to fight back against the empire (capitalism
occurred from the seeking of allies rather than by conscription)
o Monopoly trading rights to joint stock companies
o Bankers/Company directors etc.
No hegemon to enforce bans on exploration
o No overwhelming force that can control term of different monarchs
therefore you can never have a decree to ban oversea exploration.
Religious fervor
o Christianity late medieval had outward approach in cosmology
compared to Confucius
o Can make life difficult and hard for those living within western Europe
o ^ Religious pressure on minority groups who were against Anglican
church or whatever church
o And they wanted to leave to find a state not so consumed in religion
European expansion had to occur after the Mongols came
graph: legacy of colonialism
graph: regime type
graph: GDP per capita
o lower GDP = colonial of the past (w/ some exceptions)
graph: GDP growth rate as a percentage
o growth rate highest in east Asia
o north America below world average
Graph: GDP
Rise of the Rest?
o rise of the west was an anomaly of the industrial revolution
they were the ones to apply scientific method to innovations
such as combustion
they were just able to do this much quiker
o Diffusion of technology
o Element of ‘fortuna’
Bitch goddess of luck
Applies to warriors trying to overthrow the Inca empire
o Triumph of markets
Might be unsatisfactory because markets are in contingent
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