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POLSCI 2J03 Lecture Notes - Socalled, Nations Of Nineteen Eighty-Four, Unemployment Benefits

5 pages76 viewsWinter 2014

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLSCI 2J03
Professor
Robert O' Brien

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Started on: 01/22/2014
CLASS NOTES FOR: POLI SCI 2J03
McMaster University, Fall 2013
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 22, Y
Research Proposal and Annotated Bibliography
- Good proposals communicate to the reader in as much detail as possible
- PROPOSAL TO COVER
oGeneral idea of the investigation
Topic intended to pursue
Describe to the reader the assumptions
oCentral research question
Single sentence focusing on a single issue, contradiction, puzzle or dilemma
Paper written for this course is in response to a ‘question’
What is it?
Analysis is important!
Describing is “what happened”
Analyzing “why did something happen, the causes?”
oNeed to explain how the topic is related to the textbook.
Have to be able to convince the T.A; what the relationship between investigating
and what is being studied
How does it fit the themes of the course or empirical context
ESSENTIAL
oDescribe how you will pursue the research question - Topics that will be looked at!
E.G development in Sub-Saharan Africa (What factors have inhibited
development in Sub-Saharan Africa) -
Look at the history of colonialism?
Resource
Artificial political boundaries
Deteriorating terms of commodities
oAnnotated Bibliography
5 Academic journal articles and 5 books
Summaries of each source - 2 sentences
Have to have had at least looked at it or an abstract of it!
ABSTRACT for argument in articles
BOOK - Introduction, etc.
What is each generally arguing?
Periodical - PAIS International or Social Sciences Abstracts
University Press
LIBERAL ORDER
- Using this massive increase in productivity
- Britain and other European powers set up as International order (Liberal and imperial)
oLiberal - Free trade, introduction, never universal
Angie © McMaster University
Winter 2014
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Initiated by Britain and adopted by other countries
Notions: concept of comparative advantage
Idea of comparative advantage is that everyone can benefit from free trade - if it
specializes in the resources that it makes best
Free trade system was initiated by Britain, many countries adopted
U.S and Germany initially rejected Free trade in exchange of Economic
Nationalism which would strengthen their economy
Gold Standard
Countries would fix the value of their currency to cold
British pound = xGold
Kept this value for over 100 years
End of Napoleonic wars to the beginning of the First WW
Important to have stability in the monetary system!
Established Gold standard which provided states to invest in other
countries, knowing that the value of their money was secure
SECURITY INSTITUTION… Balance of Power (Concert of Europe)
Balance of Power
CONCERT OF EUROPE
Countries would continually try to balance off the strongest power in
Europe
Shifting alliances
Depended on who was the rising power in Europe
To try and maintain the ‘balance’
oImperialism -
British, French, German, Japan, United States in the Philippines, Russia
1878 - 1913 - 1/6th of the Surface world area came under European or American
rule
Most dramatic element was the “scramble for Africa”
African continent was divided amongst the European powers
Examples of Colonization and Imperialism
CONGO: Personal property of the King of Belgium
oIt was happening just at the time that a new product was desired
by the rest of the world - RUBBER
oThe Industrialized world needed rubber quickly; only place they
could get it was from Africa, a massive operation was conducted
to get rubber from African rubber trees.
oConditions were horrific; people were forced into the forest to get
rubber
o10 million people may have died in trying to retrieve rubber.
oHeart of Darkness - Joseph Conrad
WHY DID IMPERIALISM COME ABOUT?
1. MARXIST
a. Imperialism was caused by the nature of Capitalism
b. Something about the need / desire of the capitalist power to expand and had to continually
search for new markets and resources
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