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Lecture

POLSCI 3VV3 Lecture Notes - Potluck, Aristocracy, Oligarchy


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLSCI 3VV3
Professor
James Ingram

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Political Theory 3VV3
January 24, 2013
Aristotle
The potluck question
He thinks that you can read nature right as it is
There is nothing difficult about the truth, the truth is what you see in nature
He is an empirical political scientist (you can observe the world)
Examines what everyone thinks
Big point: his principle is that his thinking is teleological (understands that you
can look at something and with a bit of investigation you can understand its
essence and that we should understand things in the terms of their point or
purpose) ex. The oak tree
o We can manipulate things but we don‟t really know what it is
Ex. Physics class (what is gravity, electricity, etc.)
o Aristotle wants to know the why? The purpose, meaning
Politics is natural to us and who doesn‟t need it is a beast or a god
We are destined for it (be what we are meant to be)
6 types of regimes
o Distinction between two broad categories
o Good regimes and Bad regimes
o Distinguish them on whether ONE, FEW, MANY
GOOD REGIME (TRUE)
BAD REGIME
(PERVERTED)
ONE RULES
Monarchy
Tyranny
FEW RULE
Aristocracy
Oligarchy
MANY RULE
Constitutional Government
or „polity‟
Democracy
Perverted regime is one that is ruled for the ruling class
True state, cares about everyone
Democracy is not in the general interest it is the poor ruling over the rich
o Dominant use the term democracy as a positive term until the 19th century
It is a corrupt regime
He talks about democracy in a possible favourable way
His picture analogy is not good
o Its more of a constitutional government
o And in the work of art is not selected at random, its picked by the best to
pick the best
Pg. 149 “popular form of government involves certain difficulties”
Pg. 215 “ The basis of a democratic state is liberty…”
o Distinction between two freedoms
1. Freedom from the government
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