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Lecture 10

POLSCI 3VV3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Wage Labour

Political Science
Course Code
James Ingram

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Lecture 10 - 16 October 2017
Two Important Things
Keep up the good work with the discussion boards!
But keep working on it! Keep posting!
Midterm is moved to the 30th, classes on the 31st and 2nd.
Henri-Benjamin Constant de Rebecque (1767-1830)
From the other side of the lake in Geneva (Swiss, like Rousseau).
Family came from France and were Protestants.
Lived during the French Revolution, and was an aristocrat (though he wasnʼt in
France)–got rid of his noble name and his nameʼs reference to the king.
Published as Benjamin Constant.
“We are modern men”–whole project is to modernize politics.
Then, Napoléon falls in 1815 and they reinstate the monarchy.
Constant sees his chance now.
We read a speech he gave just after 1815 to a gentlemenʼs club.
How to build a New France.
Constantʼs Argument
Between the past and where France needs to go.
On his tour of Scotland and England, Constant is seeing the countries that
John Locke created (liberal countries).
Societies devoted to business.
At the same time that Constant wants to divert from the past, he always wants
to provide a diagnosis of what went wrong during the Revolution.
The overthrow of the aristocracy was a good thing, but it went off the
Speech is a contrast between two kinds of liberty:
Associated with war.
Collectively, but directly” (3).
Citizenship as in Athens.
Complete subjection of the individual” (3).
Reminiscent of Rousseau (general will forcing you to be free).
Ancient, democratic liberty is always like this.
Has elements of political freedom (end of 2).
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