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Lecture 17

POLSCI 3VV3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Participatory Democracy

Political Science
Course Code
James Ingram

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-Carol Pateman talks about participation in democracy and deliberation
-She also talks about competitive elitism (choosing leaders to rule society) and also
talks about pluralism which is the view that modern democracy can only be of interest
and groups
-The 1960s was the rise of movements, all the children in the world, students decided to
create movements of their own
-Women’s, student’s, civil rights movements are all considered new social movements
-That is what Pateman is responding to
-All these groups make a challenge to pluralism and competitive elitism because they
violate the rights of individuals
-They had a broader view of politics
-The debate is about who reaches the highest level
-It has to do with changing institutional life in general
-Change in the conception of politics itself and get an idea of participatory democracy
-Rousseau, Mill, and Cole are theorists that Pateman uses her arguments to add up on
it. It is meant to add participation into their arguments. They describe certain goods into
the participation of this. She uses Rousseau in order to explain what these goods that
participation can deliver that nothing else can deliver. (Page 22) Rousseau was not into
debate and what was important to him was the common good, and disagreeing to the
common good would lead to faction and he also talks about inclusions in politics. She
focuses on what she describes “participation has a psychological effect on participants
and affects their attitudes towards one another” How politics reflects and interacts with
what people like
-There are 3 goods if we look at politics in that way —> participation itself contributes 3
important things: (Page 24) “central function of participation is an educative one by
-Her argument is the logic of the operation of participatory system is such that individual
is forced to deliberate according to his sense of justice” (Page 25) The idea that the
individual might be forced to be free is part of the process he is forcibly educated in
decision-making, everyone is considered why they should do xyz. You have to consider
urself and for the group as a whole. Pateman’s arguments is to force people to
participate in what is good for the community.
-“Educative function” by participating in deliberation you will be forced to be free in a
way that you think of the perspective of the common good.
-(Page 27) —> If you are made to participate, then you are much likelier to accept that
decision. Because you have participated in the decision, even if you don't make it, you
will accept it
-(Page 27) —> Integrative —> if everyone participates in a certain work, then it will
create a community that is successful. If you are involved in making decisions, then you
will identify more with the decisions that are made by the community
-Politics is a matter of distribution at the time of the 50s and 60s —> there is shift of
politics to inclusion and fairness in the standard of people having an extended right in
public life
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