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PSYCH 1F03 (137)
Joe Kim (131)
Lecture 10

PSYCH 1F03 Lecture 10: 10

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Joe Kim

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FORMING IMPRESSIONS: Conscious/unconscious judgments you make lead to social perceptions. Attribute Theories: Correspondent Inference Theory: o Suggests that we attribute others behaviours based on three variables o Degree of Choice, Expectation, Intended Consequences. Degree of Choice: o Considering to what degree a person had a choice in acting the way they did. Could choose or be randomly assigned. o Ex: being assigned to a certain topic in a debate vs. genuinely believing in that stance. o Strong degree of choice = unassigned; choice of the person Expectation: o How expected a behaviour is. Whether behaviour is typical or common o Uncommon behaviour gives a person more information than common; more information available to infer a cause to said behaviour. Intended Consequence: o We consider the intentions and motives behind a particular behaviour. Covariation Theory: o Determines if we will attribute someones behaviour to their disposition or their situation. o Personal or situational circumstances that can be attributed to ones behaviour; determined through three variables. Consistency, Distinctiveness, Consensus. Consistency: o Does the individual usually behave this way in this situation? Distinctiveness: o Does the individual behaviour vary depending on the situation? o If Yes Situational, if No Dispositional Situational driven by the situation. Dispositional driven by the individual (inherent qualities of said person). Consensus: o Do others behave similarly in this same situation? o If Yes Situational, if No Dispositional Situational this situation similarly influences everyone. Dispositional due to each individuals disposition. Fundamental Attribution Error: The tendency to over-value dispositional factors for the observed behaviours of others while under-valuing situational factors.
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