Class Notes (836,148)
Canada (509,657)
Psychology (5,217)
PSYCH 1N03 (53)
Joe Kim (19)


3 Pages
Unlock Document

Joe Kim

Language (Module) Module: Introduction Subtopic: Natural Language -language is regular-meaning that it is governed by rules and grammar (sentence can be reorganizes and still retain its meaning) -language is arbitrary- lack of resemblance between words and their meaning -language is productive- limitless ways to combine words to describe objects, situations, and actions Subtopic: Whorf Sapir Hypothesis - Whorf Sapir Hypothesis: language influences our thoughts and the way we perceive and experience the world Subtopic: The Structure of Language -Morpheme: the smallest unit of sound that contains information -often a word, but some words contain multiple morphemes -Phonemes: constituent sounds when breaking up a morpheme Subtopic: Syntax and Semantics -Syntax: rules that govern how sentences are put together, aka grammar -Semantics: meaning of each individual word (meaning of the sentence) Module: Developmental and the Segmentation Problem Subtopic: Language Development -Milestones: -12 weeks: make cooing sounds -16 weeks: turns head towards voices -6 months: imitates sounds -1 year: babbles -2 years: uses 50-250 words, uses 2 words phrases -2.5 years: vocabulary > 850 words -Babbling: characterized by drawn-out sounds made of a variety of combinations of vowels and consonants -may sounds like real sentences or questions because of the use of inflection and rhythm in the production of the babble -combination progresses to become real words Subtopic: Language Explosion -1.5 6 years children enter language explosion and vocabulary increases rapidly and have for the most part mastered major aspects of language Subtopic: Language Comprehension -language production can be limited by factors such as vocal anatomy Subtopic: Segmentation -translates into perception that a person speaking an unfamiliar language often sounds like they are speaking very quickly Subtopic: Implications -children who now had larger expressive vocabulary had earlier demonstrated good speech segmentation skills as infants (and vice versa) -findings could lead to infant screening tests to predict later problems in language development and allow for early treatment interventions Subtopic: Infant-Directed Speech - Infant-Directed Speech: tendency for mothers to use higher pitch and exaggerated changes in pitch when speaking to infants -may help infants learn to segment speech Module: Universal Phonetic Sensitivity Subtopic: Different Phonemes -infants can discriminate more phonemes that adults can -Universal Phoneme Sensitivity: the ability of infants to discriminate between any sounds they’re tested on -includes sounds from non-native languages -clinicians test this by doing the head turn test -usually lose this ability by 1 year old -learning new language at young age leads to superior mastery of all aspects of language Module: Accents Subtopic: Introduction -various accents within a language contain subt
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 1N03

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.