Class Notes (839,242)
Canada (511,223)
Psychology (5,220)
PSYCH 1N03 (53)
Joe Kim (19)


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Joe Kim

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`Memory (Module) Module: Introduction to Memory Subtopic: Common Memory Metaphors -video camera, filing cabinet, computer RAM -each of these assume memory can be stored in their original undistorted form and that it is as easy as accessing previously stored items that have been kept in a box Module: The Basics of Memory Subtopic: Types of Questions -Questions about memory acquisition -Questions about memory storage -Questions about memory retrieval Subtopic: The Importance of Cues -one memory acts as a cue to another memory Subtopic: Testing our hypothesis -psychologists rely on cognitive models to understand a complex cognitive function like memory -models describe and organize data and most importantly, make specific testable predictions that can be studies in the lab -basic memory tasks involve two phases -during the encoding phase, a subject learns a list of items words, or pictures Subtopic: Recall & Recognition -people who are instructed to memorize the list will do better than those who are distracted Subtopic: Hermann Ebbinghaus -over time, more and more words will be forgotten “forgetting curve”, which describes this increasing rate of memory failure over time Module: The Multi-Store Model Subtopic: The Multi Store Model -memory is composed of both short and long-term storage systems -incoming perceptual information is first stored in a short-term memory buffer (similar to RAM on a computer), not stored permanently -important information encoded in short-term memory can be transferred to the long-term memory system for permanent storage Subtopic: George Miller -remembering 7 number +-2 is the average number of numbers our short term memory can hold Subtopic: Chunking -words and numbers can be chunked together into familiar bits to increase short term memory storage Module: The Serial Position Curve Subtopic: Primacy -Primacy Effect: memory for items earlier in list are remembered more easily -items at the beginning of the list will be the first to enter short-term memory and thus have the most opportunity to be rehearsed Subtopic: Recency -Recency Effect: recall for later items on the list is also good -stored in short term memory the latest Subtopic: Improving Primacy -increased interval between the showings of each item would increase primacy compared to short intervals Subtopic: Diminishing Recency -performing a distracting task right after viewing
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