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PSYCH 1N03 (53)
Joe Kim (19)

Personality 1.docx

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Joe Kim

Personality 1 (Module) Module: Introduction Subtopic: What is Personality? -Personality: an idea, an abstract concept that we use because it seems to express or capture something important about our experience -often referred to as hypothetical constructs (ex: personality, memory, gravity, energy, etc.) -hypothetical constructs help us to organize and understand our experiences Module: Approaches to Personality Subtopic: Approaches to Personality -human body is made of hour “humours”: blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile -personality is determined by these humours (ex: melan for black and cholic for bile; often sad and wistful psychodynamic, humanistic, trait, behaviourist, cognitive approaches Module: Psychodynamic Approach to Personality Subtopic: Freud and the Psychodynamic Approach -Freud pioneered the psychodynamic approach -psychodynamic approach sees personality as generated by internal psychic structures or processes -characteristics of internal structures in your mind, and the way they interact with each other, determine how we feel and behave Module: Freud`s Tripartite Model Subtopic: The Id -source of basic instincts and motivational energy (libido) -seek pleasure (water, food, air, sex), avoid pain -very selfish and impatient Subtopic: Superego -focused on upholding moral principles (maintain moral perfection by obeying rules and values) -comes into play at around age 5-6 -from parental control, self-control is established to form the superego -conscious stems from superego Subtopic: The Ego -serve as a mediator between these two extremes -aware of the outside reality, so it`s aware of what is going on in the world outside the individual -must find a balance between the desires of the Id and the demands of the Superego, while also ensuring that it is realistically possible Subtopic: The Conscious and Unconscious - the Id functions completely in the unconscious and so we are not directly aware of what the Id is doing -superego functions predominately in the unconscious, but a small portion of it falls into the preconscious and the conscious -the ego is fairly equally split into each of the three stages of consciousness Module: Defense Mechanisms Subtopic: Development of Defence Mechanisms -conscious ego is protected against anxiety by defensive mechanisms created by the unconscious ego -defence mechanisms keep the conscious ego from feeling anxious by keeping unacceptable id impulses out of consciousness entirely, or by disguising Id impulses so that the conscious ego does not feel anxious about them -Repression: ego blocks Id impulses from reaching consciousness -information can sometimes slip through -Denial: conscious ego engaged in an activity, but the unconscious ego prevents any memory of the event *Repression: impulse starts in the unconscious and never becomes conscious *denial: impulse starts in the conscious and is blocked out -Rationalization: unconscious ego justifies some conscious action -Projection: anxiety-producing thoughts attributed to someone else -Reaction-Formation: conscious ego is filled with opposite ideas and feelings -Displacement: forbidden impulses are redirected to acceptable targets -Sublimation: sexual or aggressive impulses are displaced to objects or activities that are socially acceptable (sports, painting, literature, science) Module: Freud`s Personality Development Subtopic: Oral Stage -birth  1 year -discovers the pleasure of sucking and swallowing and later, of biting and chewing -first objects associated with oral pleasure are the bottle, mother’s breast or even one’s thumb Subtopic: Anal Stage -1 year  3 years -most gratification from giving up feces through bowel movements -through potty training, learn the pleasures of holding onto feces Subtopic: Phallic Stage and the Oedipus/Electra Complex -3years  6 years -pleasures of stimulating the phallic area -boys go through the Oedipus complex -complex begins when the ego invests sexual libido to his mother -goal is to have mother to himself against any competing interests - child wants to rid of dad of dad is much stronger and bigger; retaliation by castration (castration anxiety) -Identification: the process of becoming psychologically like the father -father’s beliefs and values form the superego -girl wants to possess mother -penis envy….mother’s fault? -sexual libido directed towards dad, wants to eliminate mother -identifies with mother -due to intense anxiety tha
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