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PSYCH 1N03 (53)
Joe Kim (19)

Research Methods 1.docx

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McMaster University
Joe Kim

Research Methods 1 (Module) Module: The Scientific Method Subtopic: The Scientific Method -first begin by studying the existing collection of information about the world (previous work published by other scientists, which helps them build… -Step 1: Theory: General set of ideas about the way the world works -Step 2: Hypothesis: Testable statement guided by theories that make specific predictions about the relationship between variables -Step 3: Research Method: The way in which the hypothesis will be tested -Step 4: Collect Data: Taking measurements of the outcome of the test -Step 5: Analyze Data: Understand the data and discover trends or relationships between the variables (accept or reject original hypothesis) -Step 6: Report Findings: Publish articles in scholarly journals (submission is reviewed by experts; ensures research is meaningful) -Step 7: Revise Theories: To include new information into our understanding of the world -Paradigm Shift: particularly dramatic change in our way of thinking *The scientific method provides a standardized process for scientific research; minimizes biases, conflicts and other problems in order to promote accurate results and scientific discourse Module: Conducting an Experiment Subtopic: Testing a Hypothesis -Anecdotal evidence: evidence gathered from others or self-experience (to support or refute hypothesis) -1. Single experience might not be representative -2. Personal experience might not represent others -3. Cannot be sure that result is due to energy drinks alone Subtopic: Using an Experiment -Experiment: scientific tool used to measure the effect of one variable on another -Independent Variable: variable manipulated by the scientist -Dependent Variable: variable being observed by the scientist Module: Control Groups Subtopic: Using Control Groups -Experimental group: receive the manipulation of the independent variable -Control group: will not receive manipulation of the independent variable -groups should only differ in independent variable
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