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PSYCH 1N03 (53)
Joe Kim (19)
Lecture

Instrumental Conditioning 1.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 1N03
Professor
Joe Kim
Semester
Fall

Description
Instrumental Conditioning 1 (Module) Module: Instrumental Conditioning Subtopic: Instrumental Conditioning -Instrumental Conditioning: the learning of a contingency between behaviour and consequence Subtopic: Thorndike -Thorndike’s Experiment: measured time it took cat to learn to open door by pulling string Subtopic: The Puzzle Box -frequency of random behaviours gradually decreased over time -suggests that animals follow a simple stimulus-response type process with little credit for consciousness Subtopic: The Law of Effect -Stamping In: behaviours like pulling the rope were stamped in because they were followed by the favourable consequence of access to food -Stamping Out: random behaviours such as turning in a circles -eventually, general process leads to refinement and the cat learns the contingency between the specific behaviour of rope pulling and the specific consequence of food reward -The Law of Effect: behaviours with positive consequences are stamped in -those with negative consequences are stamped out Module: Types of Instrumental Conditioning Subtopic: Four Consequences -presentation of a positive reinforcer, presentation of a negative reinforcer -removal of a negative reinforce, removal of a positive reinforce Subtopic: Reward Training -presentation of a positive reinforcerreward training -presentation of a negative reinforcerpunishment -must consider ethics of experiencing fear or pain in the recipient -removal of a negative reinforcer escape training -removal of a positive reinforceomission training -version of omission training includes classic time-out Subtopic: Contingencies -learning the contingency between a response and its consequence -graphing response (cumulative recorder) Subtopic: Autoshaping -animal, etc. will learn contingency on own if placed in the environment Subtopic: Shaping -complex behaviour can be organized into smaller steps which gradually build up to the full response we hope to condition -each of these steps can be reinforced through rewards training Module: Generalization and Discrimination Subtopic: The Discriminative Stimulus - Sdelta is a cue which indicates when the contingent
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