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15. Personality 2.docx

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Personality 2 Jung’s Psychoanalytic Theory Intro  Theories branched from early work with Freud  Primary motivation provided by libido  Libido is a general life-force, not purely sexual or aggressive  Began and Freud’s student relationship broke down due to divergent ideas  Jung distinguished his analytic theory from Freud’s psychodynamic theory  Believed that motivation is provided by libido (like Freud)  Though that the drives in libido are for more than sex and aggression (unlike Freud)  Libido is not sexual energy, but a general life-enhancing energy that can be directed towards meeting different needs at different times in our lives  Proposed different psychic structures for the mind  believed Ego is central to our conscious mind  unconscious psyche is divided into a personal unconscious and a collective unconscious Collective Unconscious and Archetypes  Jung’s collective conscious in an ancient par of the human mind that forms the biological basis of human nature  Libido is contained in the collective unconscious in the form of basic human instincts called archetypes (shared by all human beings)  some of these archetypes are even though to date back to our pre- human ancestors  archetypes lead us to interpret and organize our experiences in certain ways  archetypes only accessed indirectly but are projected onto almost everything we do Ex. although you may think that you are writing new stories, developing new themes, or intuiting new religious truths, all of these activities bear the imprint of our archetypes  To identify archetypes, Jung searched the literature, myths and religions of dozens of cultures for common themes, characters and ideas about life and the world  Jung assumes that these commonalities reflected the projection of universal archetypes such as the hero, social conformity, birth and rebirth Personal Unconscious and Complexes  Collective unconscious (same in all people); personal unconscious (different in each of us)  It is the repository of thoughts, memories and emotions that were once conscious, but have been repressed unto unconsciousness  Contents of the personal unconscious can be brought back into consciousness (unlike collective unconscious) and into the ego  we do this when we recall events of the past  Uses up libido thinking about complexes (collections of images, memories and feelings connected by a common theme)  Jung had a mother complex (spent a lot of time of psychological emery on ideas, feelings, and behaviors related to his mother  Inferiority complex  the collection of complexes that an individual holds helps to make up our personality Personality Development  Few special complexes that everyone has in common  themes of each of these complexes in an underlying archetype  While the archetypes gives us the instinctive drive and the energy for a certain themes, the complexes are the personal experiences that we gather on the same theme o Persona  Archetype: our instinct for social conformity; our instinctual need to be with others and to please them  Complex: our public self; those feelings thoughts and impulses that we present to others because we think they will be approved  persona relates to Freud’s Superego (represents social values) o Animus & anima  Anima  Archetype: every male’s instinctive image of femaleness  Complex: feelings and thoughts rejected from consciousness because they are femine  Animus  Archetype: every woman’s instinctive image of maleness  Complex: feelings and thought rejected from consciousness because they are masculine o The Shadow  Archetype: out instinct for sexuality and aggression, also can be a source of energy, vitality, creativity and intuition  Complex: all those things about ourselves (all the emotions and impulses) that we reject totally, as utterly ‘Other’  project shadows into our dreams, myth, and literature in the form of demons, devils and vampires  last part of ourselves to be discovered (if discovered at all) o The Self  Jung believed that the Self is the archetype that drive personality development  Archetype of the Self is the instinctive desire for unity, balance, integration and wholeness  This archetype is projected through our affinity for circles and symmetrical shapes  the role of the Self is to integrate our conflicting and opposing complexes into a unified whole Ex. animus & anima are opposites, and one of them is usually rejected from consciousness  Jung believes that is we are able to contact the rejected one, then we will be able to tap into the real creative potential inherent in our archetypes Ex. is we discover out Shadow, our rejected Other  the Shadow is frightening and difficult to discover, but if we do manage to reconcile it with our Persona we unleash a powerful source of energy  when all these rejected complexes are discovered and allowed to function with the other complexes, they are integrated into a unified Self  there is wholeness in our personality o highest goal in personality development o process by which this is completes = self-actualization o Jung believes that self-actualization doesn’t typically begin until middle age, when other aspects of personality are more fully developed o rare for someone to be full self-actualized The Ego  ego = conscious mind  selects perceptions, thoughts and feelings from the personal unconscious and lets them enter consciousness  the only conscious part of our mind  structure that helps to establish a sense of stability in our perceptions of ourselves and of the world  Jung doesn’t believe that our personality lies in our rational and conscious ego, but rather in the self (the complex; between consciousness and unconsciousness) Jung’s Influence  Archetypes have made their way into literature, and his ideas od complexes have become a part of our daily routine  His perspective that personality involves the whole person, and his belief that personality development spans an individual’s entire life, paved the way for following theorists who used the humanistic approach to personality Maslow & The Humanistic Approach Intro to Humanistic Approach  Human approaches is considered to be the most optimistic  Theorists within the approach focus on human interests, values, strengths, and virtues instead of focusing on what they deemed to be the emotionally disturbed aspects of personality  Ideal development goal, but to get there we experience both advancements and set backs in our journey  Humanists argued that you are not limited by your past o If you falter or experience a set back along the way, you have the ability to pick yourself up and move forward again o You can experience a hardship during your childh
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