Class Notes (837,449)
Canada (510,273)
Psychology (5,220)
PSYCH 1X03 (1,058)
T A (16)
Lecture

11. Categories and Concepts.docx
Premium

3 Pages
72 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 1X03
Professor
T A
Semester
Fall

Description
Categories & Concepts Categorization Intro  Helps you decide your best course of action in situations  Ability to quickly categorize incoming stimuli to that of the ideas in the situation o Major assignment worth a good chuck of the grade  lets get started  Constantly categorizing your experiences to guide your decision making o Wake up with headache  place situation under ‘hangover’  know you should take advil Functions of Categorization Why Categorize?  Classification  allows you to treat objects that appear differently as belonging together o Different colored apples  all apples  Understanding  categorize a scene and what is happening in that situation  Predicting  categorizing your current experience and comparing it to similar experiences in memory, you can make prediction about your current situation o Dog in front of you  wagged tail = happy  Communication  words refer to some type of category or concept, and using the category name allows for efficient communication The Illusion of the Expert  Feeling that something must be simple because you are so good at it is Rules Dr. Lee Brooks  simple categories  susceptible to the illusion of the expert  easy for us  must have a simple rule  complex categories  number of people who can identify a simple categorization rule decreases o difficult to devise simple rules to define there more abstract categories When Rules Aren’t Enough  bachelor  unmarried male o pope and 6-month baby --> meet technical criteria but not out typical image of a bachelor  when asked to define rules, you may find it difficult to properly include and exclude items for category membership, yet when given a test stimulus, you can effortlessly decide membership  humans have internal representation of categories that is independent of the rules we try to define Prototype Theories Prototypes  categorize objects by comparing them to an internal representation od the category called prototype  prototypes  the average, or ‘bet’ member of a category o formed through experience and can be very
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 1X03

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit