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PSYCH 1X03 (1,055)
Joe Kim (989)


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McMaster University
Joe Kim

Psych 1X03 Week One 9/14/2011 6:54:00 PM All About Psychology Experimental Psychology  Uses the scientific method to collect evaluate and interpret information to develop a conclusion. Psychology  Comes from the Greek words “psyche”, which means soul. And “logos” meaning word. People and Psychology Muller  Proposed that certain parts of the body were connected to certain parts of the brain to serve different functions. Flourens  Did an experiment were he destroyed certain parts of an animals brain to see what it affected. G. Stanley Hall  In 1892 founded the American Psychological Association (APA). Multiple Levels Of Analysis  Psychological o What lies within a subjects mind. o How do thoughts, memories, and emotions motivate our actions.  Biological o Focus’ on the physiological mechanisms that underlie thoughts and behaviour. o May be about the structure and function of the brain, the molecular effects of neurotransmitters and hormones, and how genetic factors contribute to behaviour. o Reductionism – All human behaviour can be reduced to the biology of the brain.  Environmental o Concerned with understanding how social, cultural and learning interactions can influence thought and behaviour.  Perspectives that use multiple levels of analysis include: behavioural, evolution, neuroscience, social cultural, cognitive and development. o Behavioural Perspective  Believes that overt behaviour is the only valid means of measure in psychology.  What happens inside the “black box” should be considered to be outside of the domain of science.  Behavioural perspective focus’ on the influence of the environmental factors.  “Nuture” over “Nature”  Behaviour Modification – an organism will repeat a behaviour if it leads to something pleasant; an organism will stop a behaviour if it leads to something unpleasant. o Cognitive Perspective  Operates at the psychological level of analysis, not concerned with describing the mind in terms of the structure of the brain.  Models – Abstract representations of how the mind functions; can be used to make predictions and design experiments. o Neuroscience Perspective  Structural Neuroimaging – Allows us to see the physical make-up of the brain.  Functional Neuroimaging – Allows us to see what the brain is actually doing. o Evolutionary Perspective  Wants to find the ultimate cause.  Interested in the influence of genetic and environmental factors over millions of years. o Developmental Perspective  How genetic and environmental factors contribute to changes in behaviour across a lifespan.  Habituation – When you are accustomed to something, it no longer acts as a stimulus. o Socio-Cultural Perspective  Focuses on how individuals are influenced by culture and interactions with other people.  Influence of an individual on a group; influence of a group of a individual; influence of a group on a group. o Diagnostic  If you meet the diagnostic cineraria for psychological disorders o Psychodynamic  Examine the unconscious conflict and tension at the root of the problem. Psych 1X03 Week One 9/14/2011 6:54:00 PM Wundt & Structuralism - Wundt established the first formal psychology lab at the University of Leipzig. - Edward Titchener developed the approach structuralism. The structuralist view was that psychology should focus on the elements of conscious thought and perception. The goal of structuralisms was to reduce conscious experience to its core components such as sensations, feelings and images. - introspection – which experimenters trained subjects to carefully observe and report their own experiences. - structuralism – why you made that thought. The first school of thought developed in psychology where the focus was on detailed introspective examination of the conten
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