Class Notes (836,580)
Canada (509,856)
Psychology (5,217)
PSYCH 1X03 (1,058)
Joe Kim (989)
Lecture 5

PSYCH 1X03 Lecture 5: Problem Solving and Intelligence

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Joe Kim

PSYCH 1X03 Problem Solving and Intelligence Module Notes Intelligence: the cognitive ability of an individual to learn from experience, reason well, remember important information and cope with the demands of daily living. Deductive Reasoning: occurs when a person works from ideas and general information to arrive at specific conclusions. • E.g. Every day, I leave for school in my car at 8AM. Every day, the drive to school takes 30 minutes and I arrive on time for my first class. Therefore, if I leave for school at 8AM today, I will be on time Inductive Reasoning: moving from specific facts and observations to broader generalizations and theo- ries. • E.g. Today I left for school at 8AM and I ar- rived on time for my first class. Therefore, every day that I leave the house at 8AM, I will arrive to school on time for my first class. These two types of reasoning are the heart of the scientific method. TheArch of Knowl- edge involves creating theories and adapting those theories through experimentation. Functional Fixedness: our difficulty seeing alternative uses for common objects Important Qualities of a Test Reliability: a reliable test produces the same result if one person takes it multiple times. Psychologists assume intelligence is a static internal quality, so reliability is very impor- tant for developing an intelligence test. Validity: a valid test measures only the trait it is supposed to be measuring. History of Intelligence Test – See Module Charles Spearman: Believed that there was one generalized intelligence named “g” Multiple Intelligences: a theory and test proposed by Howard Gardner. The multiple intel- ligences were linguistic (verbal), mathematical (logical), rhythmic (musical), spatial (vis- ual), kinesthetic (bodily), interpersonal, intrapersonal and naturalistic. Two Modern Tests: WeschlerAdult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) • Produces Intelligence Quotient for each individual (IQ) • Mean score is 100 (fall in middle of standard deviation curve) ▯1 Problem Solving and Intelligence Module Notes PSYCH 1X03 • Specific performance is therefore relative to the IQ scores of the rest of the popu- lation The Flynn Effect: Raw IQ scores have been on the rise since 1932. Possible reasons in- clude increased quality of schooling and increased access to information and ideas through books, TV and the Internet, but no definite cause of this effect has been deter- mined or confirmed. Schema: a mental framework
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 1X03

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.