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Psychology (5,217)
PSYCH 1X03 (1,058)
Joe Kim (989)
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Intelligence.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 1X03
Professor
Joe Kim
Semester
Fall

Description
Intelligence – Ability to do cognitive task, to learn from experience, reason well, remember important information, and cope with the demands of daily living Deductive reasoning – idea to conclusion Inductive reasoning – fat to idea Theories > Deductive reasoning > facts > inductive reasoning > theories Insight problems – think outside of the box Functional fixedness – difficulty seeing alternative uses for common objects Reliability test produces the same result if one person takes it multiple times Validity – a valid test measures only the trait it is supposed to be measuring Francis Galton – Increased reaction times -> higher intelligence Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test (Alfred Binet) – 30 short tasks, name parts of body, compare links and weights, define words, name objects in the picture Charles Spearman – a general intelligence (a minimum level of g, can reproduce) Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner) - linguistic, mathematical, rhythmic, spatial, kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic Human Intelligence Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) Intelligence from genes or environment? Correlations between IQ – 0.8 for identical, fraternal – 0.6 Flynn Effect – Raw IQ score have
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