Class Notes (834,575)
Canada (508,614)
Psychology (5,208)
PSYCH 1X03 (1,058)
Joe Kim (989)

Psychology Notes- Levels of Analysis.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Joe Kim

Psychology Web Module Notes Introduction/ Levels of Analysis  Psychology teaches us how we think, feel, develop, learn, love, interact and grow; psychology teaches us about who we are.  Experimental psychology uses the scientific method to collect, evaluate and interpret information to draw sound conclusions.  Rene Descartes suggested that the mind and body were distinct entities that were casually linked in a dualistic relationship: the mind controlled the movements of the mechanical body; the mind in turn received information about the outside world through the sense organs. Levels of Analysis  The modern approach to different questions of psychology draws on expertise from many converging fields including: physical, biological, chemical, social, mathematical and computer sciences.  A problem can be approached from a number of perspectives that take into account one or more of three basic levels of analyses- Psychological, Biological and Environmental. The Psychological Level of Analysis  May be the most intuitive level to approach an understanding of human thought and behaviour  This level concerns itself with the role of what lies within a subjects mind: how do thoughts, memories and emotions motivate our actions? The Biological Level of Analysis  Psychologists focus on the psychological mechanisms that underlie thoughts and behaviour.  This may include the structure and function of the brain, the molecular effects of neurotransmitters and hormones, and how genetic factors contribute to behaviour.  Study the role of key neurotransmitters, genetic factors, etc. The Environmental Level of Analysis  Concerned with understanding how social, cultural and learning interactions can influence thought and behaviour.  Study the conditions that trigger and maintain certain states of mind or feelings (such as depression).  Working to change some external influences may bring about positive changes. Perspectives use Multiple Levels of Analysis  From a broad view, a psychologist can choose from psychological, biological and environmental levels of analyses to help frame the research questions that will be explored.  Involves more than one of the levels of analyses  Some commonly used perspectives include: Behavioural, Cognitive, Neuroscience, Developmental, Evolutionary and Socio-cultural. The Biological Perspective The “Black Box”  The father of Behaviourism, Watson believed that behaviour is the only valid means of measure in psychology.  Watson argued that scientists should consider the mind to be an off limits “black box” that takes input and makes output.  What actually happens inside the “black box” should be considered to be outside the domain of science (at least for the present).  Researchers adopting a behavioural perspective focus on designing carefully controlled experiments to understand the influence of the environmental level of analysis on behaviour.  Watson strongly believed in the role of “nurture” over “nature” in influencing human behaviour as he famously argued in 1924: “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed and my own special world to bring them up in and I’ll guarantee to take any one type of specialist I might select and regardless of talents, tendencies, abilities, vocations and race of his ancestors.” BF Skinner  This strong “nurture” view was later carried on by him who conceded that although internal mental events must surely exist, they remained impossible to measure in a scientific way.  General laws of stimulus-response could explain that an organism will repeat a behaviour if it leads to somethin
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 1X03

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.