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PSYCH 1X03 (1,058)
Joe Kim (989)
Lecture

Lesson 7-Categories and Concepts.pdf

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 1X03
Professor
Joe Kim
Semester
Fall

Description
Categories & Concepts Module: Functions of Categorization Why Categorize? • Classification allows us to treat objects that appear differently as belonging together (ex: apples) • Understanding, predicting (current experience and comparing it to past experience), communication Illusion of the Expert: • Illusion of the Expert: the feeling that something must be simple because you’re good at it Rules: • Applying set of rules Prototype Theory: Subtopic: Prototypes • Suggests that we categorize objects by comparing them to an internal representation of the category called a prototype • Prototypes are thought to be the average, or “best” member of a category Prototypes are formed through experience • Subtopic: Categorization Using Prototypes
 ▯ • Categorize new objects by comparing them to your prototypes The further an object is from your prototype, the less likely it will be categorized (for example, • looks more like a bush then a tree so you refer to it as a bush) • More typical category members which are likely closer to the prototype are categorized more quickly and easily
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