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Personality Lecture Psych – June 5th 2013.docx

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McMaster University
Joe Kim

Personality Lecture Psych – June 5 2013 Personality:- Refers to an individual's unique constellation of consistent behavioural traits. • The stability in a person's behaviour over time + across situations (consistency) • The behavioural differences among people reacting to the same situation (distinctiveness) • AHypothetical construct – a group of many things that control our personality and what an individuals show it out. Approaches to Personality: • Psychodynamic approaches - Stresses the relationship between conscious and unconscious mind. - Importance of how psychological energy (e.g libido) is transferred. - How crises/dilemmas are resolved during development defines personality o First modern personality theory o Emphasized role of the unconscious o Linked to the man Sigmund Freud. - a lot the things we do, are influenced by many unconscious approaches that we have no control upon. o Psychodynamic approach to the mind:  Top level of ice berg – conscious  Top middle level of ice berg – Pre- conscious  Bottom level of ice berg – unconscious (larger part) o 3 Personality structures:- working together to get out a total personality outcome  Aconstant struggle between Id and the Super ego.  Id  in the unconscious mind, have no access to it  Pleasure seeker – now orientated  Seeks pleasure, avoids pain : pleasure principal  Ego  Have access to everything in the ice berg.  Balances the desires of the id, and the demands of the super ego  Operates in the conscious, unconscious, preconscious  Super Ego  in the per-conscious, conscious mind, and can have access to it.  Uphold your moral principals  Arises at age 5-6 (learned from parents mostly)  Mostly unconscious/precocious o Defence Mechanisms  Helps us to deal with or eliminate anxiety  Protects the conscious ego from unacceptable desires of the unconscious ego. 1) Repression: Ego blocks id impulses from never reaching consciousness 2) Denial: Unconscious ego prevents any memory of the event to prevent conscious ego from feeling guilty/anxiety. 3) Rationalizing: Unconscious ego floods conscious ego with positive reasons
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