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Psychology (5,220)
PSYCH 1X03 (1,058)
Joe Kim (989)
Lecture

COMBINED PSYCH 1X03 NOTES.docx

59 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1X03
Professor
Joe Kim

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Description
LevelsofAnalysisUnit1DevelopmentalPerspectiveHowbehaviorsdevelopoveralifespanChallengeswhenstudyinggroupsofpplbabieschildrenspecialneedschildrenBehavioristPerspectiveWatsonSkinnerMindblackboxshouldnotbelookedintoVisiblebehavioronlyvalidmeasureofpsychologyRoleofenvironmentstronginfluenceonbehaviorCognitivePerspectiveInternalprocessesthoughtslearningattentionModelsabstractrepresentationofhowmindfunctionTheysimplifycomplexprocessesBiologicalPerspectiveReductionismallbehaviorbiologyofbrainBranchesExtensionscognitiveandbehavioralneuroscienceNeuroimagingtoolsusedtoexaminebrainMRIstructurefocusedfunctionalMRIchangeinchemistryfocusedEvolutionaryPerspectiveLooksinfluenceofenvironmentalgeneticfactorsonbehaviorsLooksacrossmanygenerationsofspeciesSocioCulturalPerspectiveLooksfactorsthatinfluencethebehaviorofindividualgroupHowisonesbehaviorinfluencefromthegrouptheyreinUNIT2RESEARCHMETHODSScientificMethodHowtocollectandanalyzeinformationTheorynotspecificexenergydrinksimprovememoryHypothesisspecificwhatyourtryingtofindoutstudentswhotakeenergydrinksshouldshowimprovedtestperformancesResearchMethodhowhypothesisistestedCollectDatetakingoutcomesoftestAnalyzeDataunderstanddatetrendsrelationshipsReportFindingspublishinscholarlyjournalsReviseTheoriesincludenewinfointounderstandingapplytoworldReliabilitysameoutputwithsameinputsteponscalemanytimesinadayinputproducesoutputnotcupcakesConstructValidityabilitytotestsomethingitssupposetotestnotifsteponscaletomeasureIQWaysToCollectDataCaseStudySingleDetailedexaminationofaparticularpersonProvidesinitialfactsdoesntmanipulatetakeresultsgiventousProblemsnotabletocomparetoothersorgeneralpopulationsubjectivelookingforcertainsupportCorrelationalStudiesdirectobservationLookexistingrelationshipsbtwpairsofvariablesexdietandlifeexpectancyNomanipulationPositivenegativezerocorrelationsmeasuresonevariabletopredictanotherCorrelationcoefficient11ProblemsCanttellcauseeffectthirdpartyvariablesdifficulttoexplainrationalofobservedbehaviorssubjectiveinterpretationExperimentsResearchermakessomethinghappenmanipulatesvariablesBinaryVariablesonly2possibilitiesOnoffOneoptionconstantCompoundVariablesvariablesnotmeasuredyetstillcouldhaveaneffectgendertimeofdayProblemsartificialsettinglabresultsmaynottranslatetorealworldsettingethicmoralconstraintsInterviewoneoneonebehaviorinfowhichmaynotbeabletoobserveAdvProblemslevelofcomfortunintentionaldishonestymemorylapseQuestionnaireAdvinfoonbehaviorwhichmaybedifficulttoobservesimpletocollectfromlargenumbersselfreportobservationdirectedbyselfProblemscantassestruthfulnesswishfulthinkingmemorylapsesConductingExperimentHypothesisusinganecdotalevidenceevidencegatheredfromothersselfexperienceExperimenttoolusedtomeasurevariableIndependentVariablemanipulatedbyscientistDependentVariableobservedasoutcomechangesasonemanipulatesControlGroupsExperimentcontrolgroupsWithinsubjectdesignsamesubjectmanipulatingindependentvariablehavehaventtakendrinkSubjecttopracticeeffectimprovedperformanceovertimeinexperimentBetweenSubjectDesign2groups1controlmoresubjectssimilarpplbtwgroupsnotallsametypeofpeopleSamplingGeneralgrouppopulation
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