Video Lecture Psych 1XX3
Library Research & Information
Popular Literature not to be used for academic design
o Found in magazines
Glossy covers, eye catching headlines
Articles written by journalists or professional writers (may or may not have specific qualifications for
writing on a specific topic)
Language that is easily understood by a general audience
Short articles; lacking full source citations
o Is found in journals or periodicals
Published often monthly or quarterly
Contain many separate articles – written by or for faculty, researchers or other scholars
Authors scholarly credentials are provided
Language is scholarly or technical and articles tend to be fairly dense and are concerned with research in
the specific topic area
Full citations for sources are provided and articles are refereed or peer reviewed
Peer Review – a process in which editors and other experts in a field review and evaluate an article
before it is accepted for publication
Gruelling process =-authors scientific method ay be put to question and changes to the transcript
may be required
Best mechanism for obtaining a high standard of quality and for guarding against scientific fraud
or unwarranted claims
Peer reviewed literature is the best source for authoritative information in the field of
o Primary Scholarly Articles – generally provide original, firsthand uninterrupted information, created by someone
directly involved in an activity or event
Article that describes a full research experiment including the methodology and analysis and results
o Secondary Scholarly Articles – interpret, analyze or summarize information, commenting on, or critically
analyzing information from a primary source
Article that summarizes or comments on other research and does not contain new research
If a piece of information in a secondary source is wanted to be used – try to find the primary source to
Finding Psychology Literature
Database – a collection of organized information; information can be about people, books, journal articles, music etc.
o Store information in the form or a record, which represents a unique item in the database
Consists of fields – represents a piece of information about the item, describing something about the
o Eg/ Database of songs; fields – artists, title of song, title of album
o Eg/ Database of journal articles; fields – author, title of article, title of journal
o Library subscribes to databases to contain records for
Journal and magazine articles
Books and chapters
o These records may link to abstracts of full-text
Library pays for access to these databases because information is: Video Lecture Psych 1XX3
Easy to search
o Databases use subject headings or controlled vocabulary; standardized terms that describe records
Can help to improve searching and retrieval
o Search Engines
Internet searches find information that is diverse and may be unstable
Information is not organized, may not be updated regularly, and is most likely not reviewed
Anyone can publish their own opinion or idea, regardless of experience in the area
Searchers may retrieve a wide variety of sites
o Commercial webpages
o Organization or government sites
o Personal pages
o Free journals, magazines and newspapers
Information online should be evaluates for
o Who created the site and is responsible for content?
o What are their credentials?
o Is this information clearly available?
o Is this information accurate?
o Are the sources for factual information provided?
o Is the purpose of the site clear?
o Who is the site intended for?
o Who is sponsoring the site?
o Is there advertising?