1/23/2013 12:09:00 PM
1. The ways in which individuals learn and recreate skills knowledge, values,
motives, and roles appropriate to their position in a group or society
Socialization makes us like most other members of society in important
Socialization also produces our individuality.
Socialization is really flying under the radar, we have been engaging and
have been engaged by that process of socialization, they just come naturally
because we are exposed to socialization.
Developmental and social learning perspective SELF AND IDENTITY LECTURE 6 1/23/2013 12:09:00 PM
THE NATURE OF GENESIS OF SELF
Our understanding of the self is drawn from symbolic interaction theory
The self is the individual views wed as both the source and the object of
The self is both active (the source that initiates reflexive behaviour) and
passive (the object toward whom reflexive behavour is directed)
According to George Mead the active aspect of the self is labeled the I
the object of self-action is labeled the ME
constrains actions of the I
unique to only humans and acting and looking back on ones self is thought
to be a fluid process.
The self is really a process, its not an object or a thing.
Dynamic and fluid and changing all the time.
THE ORIGIN OF THE SELF
Cooley and Mead recognized that we acquire our Self in interaction with
One must recognize and interpret others responses to our actions in order
to figure out how we appear to them.
MEADS STRATEGIES IN DEVELOPING THE SELF
young children imitate the activities of people around them
role taking involves imitating the mail carrier, the doctor, the father etc.
this stage occurs when children enter organized activities such as complex
games of house, school and team sports.
Now, role taking requires children to imagine the viewpoints of several
others at the same time.
A conception of the attitudes and expectations held in common by the
members of the organized groups with whom they interact
When we imagine INDETITIES:
the meanings attached to the self by one’s self and others.
Identities are linked to social roles we enact or our membership in social
Concepts of self in specific roles, parent, student
For each role we enact we develop a somewhat different view of who we are,
for example, an identity.
The role identifies we develop depend on the social positions available to us
in the society
Role identities involve role expectations.
A definition of the self in terms of the defining characteristics of a social
group , nationality, political affiliation
Each of us associates certain characteristics with members of specific groups
If you define yourself as a member of the group, these characteristics
become standards for your thoughts, feelings, and actions.
INDEITITY CONTROL THEORY (BURKE)
Premise : behavior is a product of our attempts to control perceptions of
situation SELF IDENITITY AND SELF PRESENTATION
LECTURE 7 1/23/2013 12:09:00 PM
MIDTERM ON 6
CHAPTER 5 NOT COVERED ON MIDTERM 1
MIDTERM WILL COVER CHAPTERS 1-4
EXLUDING PAGES 50-63
Providing a basis to choose which situations we enter and which we avoid
Influencing the consistency of behavior across the different situations
Influencing consistency in behavior across time people tend to hold on to
The processes by which individuals attempt to control the impressions that
others form of them in social interaction:
Authentic self presentations
Ideal self presentations
Tactical self presentations
Tactical Impression management
The use of conscious, goal directed activity of controlling information to
The expression of emotions may be appropriate or inappropriate
Service workers must conceal anger or fear
Imagine a surgeon expression fear before operating on your child LECTURE 8 SOCIAL PERCEPTION AND
COGNITION 1/23/2013 12:09:00 PM
Schema – well organized structure of cognitions about some social entity
such as person, group, role, or event.
We tend to categorize stimuli into classes or members of a group rather than
as isolated, unique entities
We use prototypes , abstractions that represents the “typical” of a class or a
group example a wealthy person, cultured, rough neck, etc.
Mental Maps REVIEW FOR MIDTERM EXAM 1 MONDAY
FEBRUARY 4 2013 1/23/2013 12:09:00 PM
Not held in lecture room
See room locations posted on avenue
55 multiple choice questions
50 (a-d) questions
5 (true false) questions
chapter 1-4 excluding pages 50-63
NO DATES, NO STATISTICS JUST TRENDS/PATTERNS
Corporal punishment in children general breakdown of Canadians
(role theory, expectations on how we act reinforcement theory role that
stimulus and response play in individual behaviours and how individuals
behave avoid discomforting experiences, motivated by rewards)
particular focus on human behavior
weaknesses (what do they leave out? )
variables, IV DV
conditions non spuriousness covariation temporal order
external and internal validity
experimental design (manipulating IV, random assignment, treatment,
control. Pre test post test.
Experiments VS surveys
Socialization Key points reflections by prof
Agents Family, peers school
Processes (instrumental conditioning)
Kohlberg’s model 3 (2 levels each ) (tutorials) know what they are
Self identity and self presentation
Key thinkers mead cooley goffman what did he do ? find?
Defning the self
Social origins of self (st