From Possession to Depression
What is a mental disorder?
o “Trafining” o▯ bserving abnormal behaviours in people—they’d get a hold drilled
in their heads
What is abnormal behaviour?
• Hard to define ▯ ou know it when you see it
• How do we categorize it?
o Cultural Norms
o Statistically adherent types of behaviour
o A person is engaging in abnormal behaviour as we would call it at this point in
Social contracts are involved in all human affairs, included collective
perceptions of our own minds.
Psychopathologies, from hysteria to depression, are not discovered, but
‘made’. They are decided upon.
Are psychopathologies real?
a. Seeing music, Tasting colour
b. Thinking of time as a 3D calendar
c. One sense gets jumbled with another
• Letters and Colours
o Letters respond to colours
o Names and Flavours (hears the name▯actually tastes the food)
• Defining Traits of Synaesthesia
o 1) Involuntary and automatic (person doesn’t necessarily have control)
o 2) Consistent (every time you hear that note—you’ll see that colour)
o 3) Highly memorable (rich experiences with the world—most people with this
condition have a better than average memory)
o 4) Laden with affect (these are very emotional experiences sometimes)
Sometimes these experiences interfere with their lives (taste a flavour
every time they see a person)
o 5) Spatially extended
• Neural Development
o Infants experience synaesthesia (young age)
In adults who continue to exhibit synaesthesia—the conditions normally
pruned away—stay intact
o Crosstalk/ pruning mechanism? Incomplete pruning leads to extra experience/ association in adulthood
• Motor ticks & dementia
• The strange case of St. Vutus’ Dance (person must be possessed by an evil
• 1800’s▯Huntington referred to behaviours of Huntington’s disease—tried to