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web module notes development 1 winter 2014

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Joe Kim

Joe Kim Psych 1XX3 Jan 6th, 2014 Module 1-1: Development I  Development:  Gene-environment interactions across an individual’s lifespan  Evolution:  Gene-environment interactions across the evolutionary history of a species  Neuroscience:  The study of the nervous system  Development:  Refers to the changes and continuities that occur within the individual between conception and death (includes both maturation & learning) 1) Maturation:  Biologically timed unfolding of changes within the person according to that individual’s genetic plan 2) Learning:  The acquisition of neuronal representations of new info  Relatively permanent changes in our thoughts, behaviours, and feelings as a result of our experiences  Interactionist Perspective:  The view that holds that maturation and learning interact during development  emphasis that most of your development reflects the interaction of maturation and learning  important role in understanding inherited traits, prental development, how our nervous system develop across a lifespan  Maturation affect learning - physical maturation should occur for learning to proceed  e.g. dexterity in tongue to speak Joe Kim Psych 1XX3 Jan 6th, 2014  Learning affect maturation- If a child is isolated (no contact with social world), a child's maturation will be delayed 4 ways to measure infants basic sensory capacity (abilities)  Habituation procedure  To see if they can detect two different stimuli  Repeated presented of same stimulus  Novel stimulus shown, see physiological + behavioural response  Habituation:  A decrease in the responsiveness to a stimulus following it’s repeated presentation  Dishabituation:  An increase in responsiveness to a stimulus that is somehow different from the habituated stimulus  Event-related potentials (ERP)  Measure of brain electrical activity evoked by stimuli  Cap with array of electrodes placed on scalp, detect changes in population of neurons in brain  visual stimulus - changes in activity of the occipital lobe of the brain  auditory stimulus - chang
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