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Psychopathology 1 Lecture.doc

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Christopher Teeter

From Possession to Depression What is a Mental Disorder? • Risk of reductionism – may miss the big idea • Need to look at things from different perspectives – take context into account • Watched a video of wind personified • What we think of abnormal behaviour may just be man-made – accept some level of behaviour but if you stray too far from normal, it becomes abnormal • Psychopathologies are decided upon • The 4 D’s o Deviance – you have the mean and there is a range above and below that is acceptable, but outside of that range is abnormal and you have a mental disorder o Distress – intense neg. feelings of sadness, anxiety, despair o Dysfunction – behaviour interferes with ability to function properly o Danger – behaviour is dangerous to self/others (ex. prolonged danger – skydiving once is not bad) • DSM – the gold standard for mental disorders – the absolute measure of something being a mental disorder or not – on the 5 edition now • Even some of the things that are in there, you may change your perceptions on if they are mental disorders or not • Synesthesia – connections between different senses (ex. seeing colour with music) o Involuntary and automatic o Consistent o Highly memorable o Laden with affect o Spatially extended • May be through improper pruning of neurons • We may all have some underlying synesthesia o Ex. ping pong – darker colour ball makes pong sound and lighter ball makes ping sound o A, B, X, O matched with red, blue, black, and white respectively o Given the words: Kiki, bouba, maluma, takeetee – kiki and takeetee are associated with a sharper shape, and bouba and maluma with a rounder shape o Should it be included in the DSM? – not actually included – thought of more like colour blindness and not so much like a disorder • 2. Huntington’s – exhibit involuntary, rhythmic movements (correias) – progressive disorder o Used to think it was due to demon possession o George Huntington – found it was a genetic disorder o Genetic marker – # of CAG repeats: 1-29 is normal, 29-36 is a carrier, and 36- 120 is affected o Provides an ethical debate – can find o
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