Class Notes (838,025)
Canada (510,638)
Psychology (5,220)
PSYCH 2AA3 (402)
Lecture 11

11. Lecture 11.docx

3 Pages
51 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 2AA3
Professor
Jennifer Ostovich
Semester
Fall

Description
Piaget’s stages of Cognitive Development What do children know, and when? - Start describing cogD as Piaget saw it. - The four stages o Sensorimotor (birth to 2 years) o Preoperational (2-7 years) o Concrete operations (7-11 years) o Formal operations (11+ years) - Characteristics o Qualitative differences between stages  Kids have big “aha” moments; they learn new basic truths about adapting to the world around them  The approach to though changes to their environment  Piaget says they can only develop in his stages; they CANNOT skip any stages o Invariant order  All the cogD unfolds in an almost “innate” way; your mind cannot grasp the second concept without understanding the first one o Universal  Every kids in every culture will develop in this stage o Ages are approximate  One of the things that DOES change in kids will the age they develop theses stages  Certain experiences required for unfolding of cognitive skills  Piaget says children construct their understanding through experiences and they are required for kids to develop cognitively - Sensorimotor stage (0-2 yeas) o How did Piaget study infant intelligence?  Longitudinal  Naturalistic observation  Sat around and watched kids playing.  Experimental manipulation  Made experiments; often by blocking goals o Eg: cutting of the view of the baby’s toy and see what the baby does. At different stages of a baby’s age, they react differently (exp testing for object permanence)  HOWEVER  Small sample size o He used his 3 kids  Genetic similarity o His kids => could be smarter than the regular average kid  Bias o Him and his wife were testers => bias involved o Development of problem solving skils  Six substages describe how infants go from being “reflexive” to “reflective” thinkers  Substage 1: Reflex Activity (birth to 1 month) o Hardest stage for Piaget o Do babies have thoughts? Where does adult thinking start? o What are they born knowing?  Piaget says they are born with a whole bunch of reflexes o “Mindless: exercising of reflexes  Babies know to feel around for a nipple to suck, using their checks  They know to grasp a finger really tight  However, babies aren’t perfect when feeding; it takes them a little while to get good at it (shows cognition at early life)  Substage 2: Primary Circular Reactions (1-4 months) o Babies discover that certain actions they do will make them feel better  Eg: they flail around their hands and somehow it accidentally touches their lips and they like that feeling so now they want to do it again! o Use of reflex-based schemes to replicate interesting body-related events o Sometimes babies discover something and they just keep doing it (eg: sucking fingers)  Doing it in itself is active; it’s no longer a passive thing. They’re acting as if they WANT to suck the thumb o Piaget says at about 4 months old, they discover objects (eg: the mobile over their crib)  Substage 3: Secondary Circular Reactions (4-8 months) o Infants are discovering, by chance, they like obj
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 2AA3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit