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Lecture 15

Lecture 15 (October 17).docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 2AA3
Professor
Jennifer Ostovich
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 15 (Wednesday, October 17, 2012) Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development : Pre – Operational Versus Concrete Operations Stage ­ Preoperational stage  ▯ages 2 – 7 ­ Concrete operations stage  ▯ages 7 – 11  Operation = sophisticated super scheme, helps you with effective problem – solving and reasoning  Example  ▯the rules of multiplication  ­ Kids from both of these stages reason in different ways ­ Contrast two stages for best picture of developing abilities ­ Which tasks can concrete ops kids do that pre – op kids can’t? ­ Why do pre – op kids fail where concrete op kids succeed? ­ Once you have these operations, you think that it is ludicrous if people can’t reason the same way  Pre – Operational Thought: Strengths ­ When Piaget was describing this stage, he was describing what kids age 2 – 7 can’t do 1. Symbolic function ­ I.e. use of mental schemes  Symbolic function = the ability to use one thing as a symbol to represent something else in your head Examples  ▯internal problem solving, language use, symbolic play ­ Why is symbolic thought so important?  ­ Speed, scope, social interaction  Pre – Operational Thought: Shortcomings ­ Thinking is:  1. Rigid ­ Once children have thought of a solution to a problem, it is hard to convince them that they are wrong 2. Insensitive to inconsistencies ­ Look beyond flaws in their theories 3. Focused on superficial aspects of problems 4. Egocentric  1 Lecture 15 (Wednesday, October 17, 2012) ­ They don’t seem to understand that not everyone sees the world the same way they see the world  ­ In essence, pre – op thinki
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