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Abraham Maslow (1).docx

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Judith Shedden

October 15 , 2012 Psych 2B03: Theories of Personality Abraham Maslow (1) Abraham Maslow - humanistic approach Humanistic Theories - focus on meaning of life for individuals: overall shape not pieces of individual, purpose in life, meaning of existence, who am I? - desire to help person achieve understanding, wholeness, meaning: develop life story - focus on individual’s unique perception of the world: patterns of similarity across time and situations across and individual (what makes us the same/consistence), why are there differences between individuals focus of humanistic approach, each of us live in a slightly different world, understand the individual - only approach that takes a largely idiographic stance - avoid reductionism: can only understand human being by understanding them as a whole (gestalt), greater than and different from the sum of it’s parts - not analysis but synthesis - more idiographic than other approaches: individual that we want and need to understand, no generalization, distinct individuals Humanistic Principles - the primary study of psychology should be the experiencing person: you as you see and experience the world, focus on individual, phenomological approach - choice, creativity, and self-realization…are the concerns of the humanistic psychologist: coming to know yourself - only personally and socially significant problems should be studied: should only be concerned with things that are meaningful to an individual or better society to a whole, social important - the major concern of psychology is the dignity and enhancement of people: positive and optimistic outlook Instinctoid Motivation - why do we do the things we do? - Echoes Freud and Jung - Believe human motives are built in and form human nature - Instictoid motives: similar to instincts - Not dominating, uncontrollable – unlike animal instincts - Can be controlled, repressed - Overlain by learning, cultural expectations, etc. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs - trying to satisfy different needs at different times in our life - physiological needs - safety needs - love and belongingness needs - esteem needs - self-actualization - bottom is biological needs, as we move up the hierarchy they become more p
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