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freud and psychoanalysis (6).docx

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Judith Shedden

September 26 , 2012 Psych 2B03: Theories of Personality Freud and Psychoanalysis (6) Personality and Fixation - oral stage: oral incorporative, oral aggressive, taking in - anal stage:  anal expulsive: interest in anal sexuality that colours their normal pattern of sexuality. Can’t use up all the libido in this area. Interested in disorder as child, and as adults in less disordered way. Unorganized, messy. Tend to be givers, very generous with their time and money.  Anal retentive: fixation at second half of the anal stage (sexual gratification from holding on to feces). Same kind of sexual interest as anal expulsive. Can’t fully satisfy all the energy towards this area directly. Clean, non-messy, in adulthood highly structured life, organized. Keepers, holders on. Anal triad: cleanliness or orderly, stinginess (don’t lend freely and keep things to themselves, collectors, hoarders in extreme cases), and stubbornness (hold on to their own beliefs, their own views about what is appropriate) - not typical of most people: no one aspect will dominate unless you have fixation - what leads to fixation: need to have the typical distribution of libido, if you have to much pleasure or spend to much time, you become dependent on that pleasure and fixate on that stage. fixations may also be caused by too little experience in a sub-stage. Ego and Anxiety - anxiety guides the ego’s choices, it is what psychologically we are trying to avoid - anxiety determines behaviours, thoughts and actions - three sources of anxiety: conscious and unconscious ego. Unconscious ego tries to minimize the amount of anxiety that the conscious ego experiences - ONLY the conscious ego experiences anxiety - Unconscious ego prevents anxiety to be experienced, to the greatest extent - Develop anxiety the minute we are born - Birth trauma: amount of anxiety we experience during this process shapes our experience of anxiety later on, hospitals have taken a number of steps to minimize trauma in both mothers and babies to minimize child’s anxiety later in life - Anxiety comes from:  Outside world: reality anxiety, afraid of things that might happen in the world around us  Superego: source of values, morality, if we think about doing something that is inconsistent with the conscious we experience anxiety. Moral anxiety. Superego does not experience anxiety, but only causes the ego to experience anxiety.  Id: neurotic anxiety. Anxiety that stems from the fear that we the conscious ego will give in to a dangerous id
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