Class Notes (838,385)
Canada (510,871)
Psychology (5,220)
PSYCH 2B03 (299)
Lecture

introduction to personality (1).docx

3 Pages
64 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 2B03
Professor
Judith Shedden
Semester
Fall

Description
September 7 , 2012 PSYCH 2B03: Theories of Personality Introduction to Personality (1) http://intropsych.mcmaster.ca/psychab3/ Major Issues in Personality - nature vs. nurture - what is ‘human’ - how does personality develop - what motivates us - conscious vs unconscious - group vs individual  nomothetic  idiographic Personality vs Other Fields - more global and general - long history of interest - many large-scale theories - theories don’t guide research - theories generated/tested differently Theory Development & Testing - theorists clinicians, not scientists - influenced by theorist’s personality - little empirical support - non-scientific evaluation - theories difficult to test:  postdictive, not predictive  vague, abstract concepts What is Personality - whatever makes for consistency in our behaviour - whatever is responsible for individual differences in behaviour - personality is a hypothetical construct that we use in an attempt to understand two noticeable things about human behaviour  the first is that, within an individual, there is a consistency in behaviour from time to time and across situations  the second is that the pattern of consistency differs from person to person Hypothetical Constructs Perspectives on Personality - type approach: there are several general perspectives on personality within which specific theories of personality are generated. The oldest of these is the type approach, which argues that:  there are only a limited number of personality types  emphasis on biological bases of personality  oldest approach: the four humours - trait approach: sees personality as consisting of a set of internal characteristics, or traits, which are substantially determined by genes:  personality = internal characteristics and tendencies  emphasis on biological factors  says little about development of personality - psychodynamic approach: (modeled on Freud’s theory) sees personality as the action of internal structures of the mind (psyche), operating primarily outside consciousness. Overt behaviour results from the interaction of these internal s
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 2B03

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit