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Lecture 13

2B03 Lecture 13

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Richard B Day

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1 Feb 03/14 Personality, Dr. Day, 2B03, C02 Lecture 13 Jung andAnalytic Psychology Jung’s Stages of Development • Like Freud he didn’t distinguish the stages in terms of erogenous zones, but in terms of the ways in which libido was direct • Jung’s view of libido was different from Freud’s • Freud saw it as primarily to do with sexual and aggressive instincts, while Jung saw it as much more broader and flexible life energy that can be directed to various behaviours 1) Childhood - Birth to Adolescence - Learning general life lessons, which Freud saw as Ego development - Learning basics for survival in the world - Jung did not stress the sexual influences before the ages of 5 or 6 - Jung thought we are mainly directed towards sexual activity in adolescence 2) Young Adulthood - Adolescence to age 40 - Libido directed towards finding a mate, forming a family, career - Contribution within the social community 3) MiddleAge - Roughly 40 to 65 - Most significant stage of life - The individual’s life is on general course - Family established, the individual turns from acquisition of external part of the world and becomes more reflective and introspective - Philosophical and questions asked about self - It is in this stage if ever, that the individual will achieve SelfActualization 2 Feb 03/14 Personality, Dr. Day, 2B03, C02 - He believed that relatively few people will ever reach that stage 4) Old Age - Time of gradual decline - The individual will gradually turn from the external world • Jung argued that there two basic orientations we can have towards the world 1) We can be oriented towards the outward world, attitude or orientation he called Extraversion 2) We can be oriented towards the operations of our own mind, looking inward and being drawn primarily to attend to things happening in our own psyche – Introversion • Jung is not really about talking about behaviour, but where we direct our primary attention • He thought these two things should be balanced and we should be doing both • He argued that most people had a bias towards one of the orientations • He argues whatever the orientation of the conscious maybe, the unconscious orientation would the opposite • He also talked about Function of the Mind – ways in which we select and process information either from the outside world or our inner world/psyche • There are 4 functions: Rational Functions – presence of evaluations and judging Irrational only different from Ration Functions in the way that they did not involve judging and evaluating 1) Thinking – judging and evaluating thoughts and ideas we may have, making judgement about the nature and quality of things we have or are currently experiencing 2) Feeling – judging or evaluating the emotions we are experiencing or that someone else is experiencing 3 Feb 03/14 Personality, Dr. Day, 2B03, C02 ** There are 2 Non-rational Functions as well, functions that do not involve judging or evaluating: 3) Sensing – detecting the presence of something in the inner world or in the external world; no judgement or evaluation 4) Intuiting – something we intuitively understand, but it’s very difficult to define. Decision or sense without any rationality to it, gut feeling about what is right and what is wrong. No judgement, guide to what we should be doing without evaluation. • Ideally we should be using all 4 of these function, but people have bias towards a dominant function at the conscious level Primary and Auxiliary Functions • He said whichever of these functions dominates t
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