Topic 1 and 2: Introduction and What is Sex?
What is Sex?
-operationalization problem, define things very carefully, subjective definitions
-Evolutionary perspective = distal, past
-Social psychology = proximal, current
“Sex is Taboo”
-American doctor close with the church
-sex is puritanical, and very bad
-shouldn’t want, enjoy or do any form of sex
-only for reproduction
-Barbaric sexual fixing:
-make the genitals so painfully memorable hat sex=pain
-carbolic acid on clitoris
-all men circumsized painfully as adults
-makes erections impossible
-carb diet should prevent people from having sex = kellogg corn flakes
-technically the firs evolutionary psychologist
*Sex and aggression=main drives of life
-women that have Glove Anesthesia (mental disorder)
-hand is paralyzed for no physiological reason
-Freud’s Theory: women had or wanted to masturbate, their mind shuts off the offending appendage
so they couldn't engage in masturbation
-wrote many successful books
-Considered that he is a "pervert" and discusses sex
-Interview people who were interested in having sex
-Interesting sexual practices
-Group sex, gay sex, wife swapping
-Identified research that was unnecessary and not wasteful for money
-Gave fleeced awards to pointless research so he could get the government to reallocate money to
- Hatfield was fleeced
-Said her research was pointless, waste of money and she's a pervert
-Interested in attraction, mating and sexuality
-very subjective, the researcher and participants may have a different definition of sex
-major diagnostic problem for doctors
Sanders and Reinisch (1999)
-Would you say ‘had sex’if...
-suggested that Clinton was not lying, that oral sex was not actually sex
-editor was accused for policitical bias, and not because of scientific purposes
-600 subjects, mean age of 21 (+/- 3); 60% female; almost all hetro-sexual
-almost 80% were more conservative to moderate side
-answered yes or no -Would you say you had sex with someone if the most intimate behaviour you had was...
-deep kissing (French or tongue)?
-had a oral (mouth) contact with breasts or nipples?
-oral contact with breasts or nipples?
*presented data in random order
-if they were presented from least and greatest: creating experimental demand and
-the participants will expect how to answer
-Pitts & Rahman (2001) Which behaviours constitute “having sex” among university students in UK?
-replicates S&R in UK, similar demographics
-Randall & Byers (2003) What is Sex? Students definitions of “having sex”, “sexual partner” and
unfaithful sexual behaviour
-replicates S&R in Canada (Univ. of NB)
-Adds orgasms to the mix
-Also asks about
-who we consider a sexual partner + sexual infidelity
side note: orgasms are more imp. to men than women (evolutionary perspective)