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Lecture

3AC3 March 13.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 3AC3
Professor
Jennifer Ostovich
Semester
Winter

Description
March 13, 2014 Social Psychology Approach Proximate Causes  Overview    Reward Model  : attracted to people whose presence we find rewarding (both  friendships and romantic relationships)   They are interested in us, they approve of us, the accept us, might be witty, funny,  pleasant and might give us what we want   How to find these rewarding people?  o Propinquity­ physical proximity   People who are near us  Long­distance relationships are ‘doomed’   The closer the proximity the more likely the relationship is to work   An aspect of it is luck  Factors affecting attraction to potentially rewarding people? o Attractiveness o Reciprocation  People who like us back  o Similarity   People similar to us  Propinquity   Physical proximity plays a role in whether we will: o Meet people o Interact with people o Like people o Befriend people o Become attracted  o Fall in love  Research Evidence  o Festinger, Schachter, & Back (1950) Westgate study on propinquity and  friendship  After WWII returning soldiers were given tuition help to go to  school   One of the schools doing this built a whole new residence called  the Westgate complex   This included 17 buildings which had the same set up (2 stories, 5  apartments in each)  Festinger et al. were interested in who your best friend was   Found that 88 feet made a big difference   40% people said their best friend was next door  4 doors down was less than 10% (88 ft.)  Closeness decreased with distance   They found the same type of relationship across buildings; people  in buildings near you are closer to you than people in farther  buildings   Why? o Easy of access    Presence makes the heart grow fonder  o Repeated contact    Mere exposur  can make things more attractive to us than it would  normally be (can be anything not just people)   Research Evidence: • Moreland and Beach (1992) recruited 4 women pre­rated to  be equally attractive and they attended a certain class a  particular number of times • They just attended and did not participate or have  relationships with anyone in the class • At the end of the term the people in the class were asked to  rate several things about the women (shown pictures)  essentially asking how much they liked them  • Found that the more exposure they had with the woman the  more they liked her and found her attractive  o Caveat   Obnoxious presence   Repeated exposure to negative pe
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