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PSYCH 3CC3 (101)

Interviewing and Interrogation.docx

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Richard B Day

thSeptember 10 2013 Psych 3CC3 Forensic Psychology Interviewing and InterrogationInterviewInterview between interviewer and someone whom they believe may have information about the investigationMakes no assumption about the guilty roleDesigned to collect informationInterrogationDesigned to elicit a confession of guilt from someone whom the interrogator believes to have criminal knowledge about the eventInterview vs InterrogationInterviewDesigned to elicit information from witnesses and persons of interestNo implication of guiltInterrogationInvolve persons thought to be perpetrator of crimeGuilty knowledge generally assumedWhy No Good Interviews on TVPolice not trained in appropriate interview techniquesAppropriate interview techniques seldom used in practiceAppropriate interviewboring TVGood Interview ProtocolsEstablish rapport with intervieweeNot unlike a good therapeutic interaction between a therapist and a patientNo best practiceVaries as a function of the interviewerAlso varies with the intervieweeAims of RapportBuilding 1 Interviewee does most talking as they are the ones who have the informationNeed an environment where the interviewee feels free 2 Interviewer conveys nonjudgmental nocoercive understanding and acceptance 3 Interviewer created relaxed informal feelingInstructions to Interviewee 1 Report everythingRegardless if the interviewee thinks the interviewer already knows or believes it is not significant 2 Dont guess or fabricateDont make inferences about what you believe may have happened 3 Ask if question unclearUnderstand what the interviewer is asking 4 Correct interviewers errorsCorrecting the interviewers misinterpretation of what you said as their understanding is essential 5 Use comfortable language 6 Repeated questionserrorsTo make sure their recollection maintains constantRepeating a question does not mean that the answer was wrong example children change their answers when they are repeatedly asked the same question as they believe the first answer is wrongGood Interview Protocols 1 Establish rapport with interviewee 2 Interviewee understands the rules of the interview 3 Use openended questioningMost common error made in interviewsMostly used closed questionsOpenended best way to get accurate information about what the individual has experiencedOpenEnded Questions 1 Foster fuller memory retrievalRemember more detailsMore accurately 2 Greater accuracy 3 Avoid problems with specific questionsMore prone to errorsLead to overestimate of language abilitiesInterviewee is more likely to use the exact same words as the interviewer when they are closed questionsMay not actually understandGood Interview Protocols 1 Establish rapport with interviewee 2 Interviewee understands the rules of the interview 3 Useopenended questioning 4 No interviewer biasBiased Interviewers 1 Report interview based on bias
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