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PSYCH 3CC3 (101)


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McMaster University
Richard B Day

Psychopathy - highest correlation with violent reoffending Psychopathy checklist-revised - included assessment results for VRAG and HCR-20 Emil Kraepelin – founder of modern scientific psychiatry - Psychiatry handbook talks about morally insane: reckless gratification of immediate egotistical desires Initial work by Hervey Cleckley (prison psychology) - Mask of insanity (1942) Cleckley listed 16 main characteristics of psychopathy 1) Superficial charm and higher intelligence  agreeable 2) Absence of delusions and irrational thinking  very convincing 3) Absence of nervousness – free from minor reactions, anxiety, worry 4) Unreliability – nothing seems important to them 5) Untruthfulness and insincerity 6) Lack of remorse or shame – cannot accept blame, never at fault 7) Inadequately motivated antisocial behavior – cheats, annoys, fails 8) Failure to learn form experience (poor judgment) – no punishment will change his ways; throws away opportunities 9) Egocentricity and incapacity for love – self centered 10) General poverty in major affective reactions – general poverty of affect 11) Specific loss of insight – cannot see himself as others see him 12) Unresponsiveness in interpersonal relationships 13) Fantastic and uninviting behavior with drinks 14) Threats of suicide rarely carried out – immunity from such an act 15) Sex life is impersonal, trivial, poorly integrated 16) Failure to follow any life plan – go out of his way to make a failure of life Relationship with DSM personality disorders - pattern of disregard and violent for right of others  Antisocial Personality Disorder o failure to conform to social norms; acts that are grounds for arrest o repeated lying, conning o impulsivity or failture to plan ahead o irritability and aggressiveness, repeated physical fights o disregard for safety o irresponsibility, failure to sustain consistent work, financial problems o indifferent, lack of remorse o conduct disorder before age 15 (aggression to people and animals, destruction of property and theft) Statistics - APD (ASP) – behavioral patterns based on clinical observation o Broad – 50-80% of Canadian prison inmates meet criteria o 11-25% of inmates meet criteria for psychopathy - estimated 10-15% of child molesters are psychopaths; 40-50% among rapists - 75% of serial murders are psychopaths Forensic issues with psychopathy - psychopaths reoffend faster (don’t learn from experience) - violate parole sooner, commit more violence than non-psychopaths - within 6 years of release, over 89% of sex offender psychopaths recidivated; only 20% for nonpsychopathic sex offenders - 33% of psychopaths violated parole requirements, only 7% of nonpsychopaths did Rates also high for psychopathic adolescent offenders who are more likely to: - escape from custody, violate conditions of probation,
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