Class Notes (836,294)
Canada (509,749)
Psychology (5,217)
PSYCH 3CD3 (124)
Lecture 8

Lecture 8 - January 23rd.docx

6 Pages
57 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 3CD3
Professor
Jennifer Ostovich
Semester
Winter

Description
January 23 – Lecture 8 How useful are stereotypes?  If we’re going to use them, there should be some reason to use them  E.g. accuracy  If they’re not useful, we probably shouldn’t use them  Stereotypes should help us through a cognitively complex world  Should boost our cognitive efficiency  If not, what’s the point of them?  Bodies of research about whether or not they are useful enough to be maintained  The presumption is that they are  Why would we maintain something that points us in the wrong direction? (unless it’s harder to get rid of than to keep)  Accuracy refers to whether they actually help us to predict things in the world around us Stereotype accuracy  Controversial  Answers are typically contradictory and confusing  If you find that a negative stereotype is false, you look like a hero  If you find that a negative stereotype is true, you look like a jerk  Depending on what you find, people are either going to like you or hate you  This is why people don’t like to do this kind of research  Often talk about a grain of truth in a stereotype  They have to come from somewhere  Often come from illusory correlations  By definition, illusory correlations give you some grain of truth (saw this person do that thing)  However, we use outgroup homogeneity in this process  We don’t consider the heterogeneity of the group  Could represent some percentage of the group, but we assume 100%  E.g. it could be the case that 22% of Martians pee in potted plants  Some grain of truth  It’s true for 22% of Martians, not for 100%  A stereotype is accurate when it agrees with empirical evidence  E.g. if you think a certain group is violent, and the empirical evidence agrees with you, the stereotype is accurate  To find it to be completely accurate would be very rare (i.e. 100%)  However, you could be accurate in direction (e.g. this group is more violent than that group)  Still inaccurate in terms of the magnitude  Inaccurate when your stereotype is at odds with empirical evidence (e.g. less violent than that group)  Could also argue that it is inaccurate when the direction is right, but the magnitude is wrong  Two famous pieces of research about this  Come up with somewhat different results  Probably depends on the situation whether the stereotype is more or less accurate Stereotypes as inaccurate  Really interested in prejudice  Noticed that when Armenians immigrated to the US, particularly to California, fleeing from the genocide during WWI, a stereotype developed quite quickly  Dishonest, deceitful, money-grubbing  Most of the dishonesty and deceit is about money  In Allport’s book, he mentioned that he thought Armenians might be like Jewish people, and that’s where the stereotype came from  May also have come from an illusory correlation  Gave people a survey  Confirmed that these were traits people associate with Armenians  Was able to investigate whether or not it was actually true  He compared credit scores between Armenians and Caucasians  If the stereotype is correct, Armenians should have worse ratings than Caucasians  Also looked at the percentage of lawsuits involving money (e.g. if someone has to sue you because you didn’t give them their money, you’re being dishonest about money)  Charitable foundations (take handouts, rather than pay yourself)  Takes a while to build up good credit  Unfair since Armenians hadn’t been in the US for very long by the time of this study  W.r.t. the charitable foundations, you’re an immigrant  Should be using these if you don’t have good credit or a lot of money  Armenians should look really bad  They actually look really good Credit risk findings  Non-Armenians were much more likely to have good credit  Armenians were more likely to have fair credit  No difference in who had bad credit  If you group this into “okay” versus “not okay”, you get no significant differences  No difference even though they are very new to the US  Should have had very little money coming to the US considering the state in Armenia Other findings  Armenians were also much less likely to be involved in lawsuits involving money  Also less likely to use available charities than White Americans (even though they might have needed it more)  Concluded that there is no support for the stereotype  Completely inaccurate  Doesn’t match the empirical evidence  Could be from the Jewish stereotype, an illusory correlation, etc  Always see disconfirming evidence, but we often don’t notice it  It would require a lot of cognitive effort  Even if you notice it, you may not be willing to deeply process and encode it  Don’t want to rewrite your stereotypes  Completely wrong as of 1935  The
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 3CD3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit