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Lecture 7

Lecture 7 - January 21st.docx

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McMaster University
Jennifer Ostovich

Lecture 7 – January 21 , 2013 Research on Cognitions and Emotions  Method o Recruited 50% white and 50% black subjects from Stanford university – either threatened them or not o IVs  Race  Threat (no task vs. evaluation of ability vs. no evaluation of ability) o DVs  Word completions – tells us what’s going on unconsciously or consciously in people’s minds  Stereotype activation (race-related words)  Self-doubt activation (esteem-related words)  Endorsement of ‘excuses’  Race disidentification  Word Completions o Bl --- (Black, blink) o R - -e (race, rake) o Sl - - e (slave, slake)  Results: Word Completions o A much larger proportion of the word completions were related to race by blacks under threats, compared with either race under any other condition o This is happening in the threat condition o Self-doubt: nothing happens in the no threat condition but results show under threat  Results: Excuses o Blacks and whites got the same amount of sleep under no threat o Significant difference, blacks got less sleep than anyone else under threat condition o Under no threat, no difference for focus o Blacks feel like they have a lot less focus when under threat o Under no threat, blacks find tests unfair (just a little) o There’s a significant increase of unfairness of tests for blacks under threat o Under no threat, blacks and whites indicated their race o Under threat, whites did not change, blacks went down to 20% (shows evidence of disidentification)  Concluions o When you find yourself in a situation that asks you to perform well, compared to one where you don’t have that threat: distractions seem more probably to pop up o Situations associated with negative stereotypes are distracting in ways that might alter performance  Thoughts of race  Thoughts of failure  Focus on excuses  Disidentification with stigmatized group o D
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