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Lecture

January 23.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 3CD3
Professor
Jennifer Ostovich

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Psych 3CD3 Thursday, January 23, 2014 Intergroup Relations Conclusions so far… • Situations associated with negative stereotypes are distracting in ways that  might alter performance o Thoughts of race o Thoughts of failure o Focus on excuses o Disidentification with stigmatized group • Direct test of distraction? o Does threat deplete working memory capacity?  Do a lot better if working memory capacity is not compromised Working Memory Capacity (Schmader & Johns, 2003) • Method o Subjects came in to do a task o Actually a measure of working memory capacity o Instructions either put them under threat, or not o Stereotype that women are not good at math • IV’s o Gender o Instructions  No Threat: test of WM capacity  Vs. Threat: Test of quantitative capacity • DV o WM capacity • Results o Under no threat, there is no change in WM capacity for both men and  women o Under threat, lower WM capacity for women Role of Arousal • Does increased arousal account for decreased performance under threat? o Arousal interferes with optimal performance o Yerkes­Dodson Law  If arousal is too low, performance suffers  At an optimal level, performance is optimal  As this level increases, your performance gets worse and worse  Confronted with the possibility of confirming a stereotype  about your group, your arousal level increases, which  interferes with your performance  o How might we test this?  Measure arousal “on line” • Galvanic skin response, heart rate, blood pressure  Measure known correlates of arousal • E.g. how we interpret our arousal is associated with how  that arousal affects us Misattribution of Arousal (Ben­Ziev et al. (2005)) • Method o Ss are all women
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