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Lecture

January 30

2 Pages
104 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 3CD3
Professor
Jennifer Ostovich

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Psych 3CD3                             Thursday, January 30,  2014 Intergroup Relations Cognitive Biases 1: Encoding • Maintain stereotype content by ignoring stereotype­inconsistent information o Attentional bias  A tendency to notice information that confirms, but a failure to  notice information that disconfirms a stereotype o Encoding bias  A failure to encode information that is inconsistent with the  stereotype  o E.g. Cognitions  1. Americans are crazy patriots, blindly following the maxim “my  country right or wrong”  2. I’ve just met an American who isn’t like this  DISSONANCE!  Must change cognition 2 in order to keep cognition 1 Encoding Bias Research • Ottati et al. (2005) o Give Ss a list of behaviours about Jason o IV: stereotype label o IV: behaviours stereotype­consistent, ­inconsistent, or ­irrelevant  Either believe Jason belongs to a group of bright or not so bright  people o DV: performance on unexpected free recall task • Ottati et al. Results o When they knew what group Jason belonged to, subjects provided more  consistent behaviours • Koomen & Djiker (1997) o Stereotype­inconsistent behaviours in ingroups vs. outgroups  Outgroup members: subjects had a bias towards accurately  recalling stereotype­consistent behaviours
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