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Lecture

January 23.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 3CD3
Professor
Jennifer Ostovich

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Stereotype Threat PSYCH 3CD3 Thursday January 23, 2014 Recap People exposed to stereotype threat have major side effects All of these side effects are distracting How might we detect distraction? What might be a good indicator that women (and other groups) are somehow unable to  concentrate?  Working memory is a measure of the extent you are able to hold thoughts in your head,  while keeping other extraneous information at bay Working Memory Capacity (Schmader and Johns, 2003) Stereotype that women are not as good at math as men Had male and female subjects come in to do difficult test But, it was actually a measure of working memory capacity Instructions put them into threat or not Some were told (no threat), ‘this is a reliable test of working memory…’ Others (threat) ‘this is a reliable test of problem­solving and mathematic skills’ In the threat condition, they think they are doing math In the threat condition, women show a decrease in performance But, in the no threat condition, there is no significant difference between genders Role of Arousal If arousal is too low, performance suffers Arousal at the medium level is optimal When it goes too high, performance decreases We know that arousal is associated with performance As soon as you see performance decrements, begin thinking about arousal You are afraid to confirm stereotype, raise arousal level, interfere with performance Can measure arousal directly Bring them into lab, hook them up See whether performance decreases with arousal Yes, people under threat have increased arousal Two­factor theory of emotion Allowed people to attribute arousal to fear of performance, or misattribute it to something  unrelated to performance Misattribution of Arousal  Ben­Ziev et al. (2005) Recruited a whole bunch of women, who performed well on the quantitative section of  SATs Came into lab to do experiment that involved doing a difficult 
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