January 27, 2014
Controversial! The research that needs to check accuracy is controversial.
With stereotypes, there might be some grain of truth.
And that’s probably because all groups are variable and maybe someone in the group actually does fit the stereotype.
Probably someone from the group looks like the stereotype so there’s some degree of accuracy but a stereotype is supposed to describe
an entire group but if it only fits a few people, the stereotype isn’t accurate.
Stereotypes are accurate when they agree with empirical evidence. You want to see if the data supports the idea that they are all a certain
If stereotypes are at odds with empirical evidence, the stereotype is inaccurate.
When we investigate accuracy, we want to get a picture of whether the stereotype describing a group uniquely and ubiquitously describes
the group so it generalizes across all the members.
Research on stereotype accuracy
We’ll never find that a stereotype is generalized to everyone in a group
Stereotypes as Inaccurate
La Piere did research demonstrating that a particular stereotype was quite innacurate
Armenians; they had just fled Europe and some ended up in the States where they got the stereotype of being dishonest, deceitful and
La Piere thought let me see if I can find evidence of accuracy
He gave out surveys to a bunch of Americans asking them what are Armenians like?
He wanted to confirm that his impression of the stereotype was correct
So he discovers that it is indeed the stereotype
Then he looked at DVs that might provide evidence for or against the idea that the stereotypes are correct
Example: he looked at credit ratings which essentially tell you how good you are with money.
ALSO looked at % of lawsuits involving financial reparation
ALSO looked at use of charitable foundations; there was an idea of them using charity more than they should.
Credit Risk Findings
He looked at the most common categories.
NonArmenians were more likely to have good credit ratings.
And then Armenians are very likely to have fair credit ratings, more of them than the Caucasians and for bad, there’s no difference at all
So if you collapse good/fair and look at bad alongside, there’s no difference.
So even though they come to the country with no experience or anything, they still have pretty good credit and therefore this does not
support the stereotype.
% use of charity
Found that white americans were more likely to be involved in lawsuits and Caucasian americans use more of the charitable services
available to them than did Armenians.
So this shows that stereotypes are probably not so accurate.
So we, have to say, that’s not right.
La Piere was curious about where the stereotype came from?
Armenians are new; here comes this person who has financial trouble and BOOM stereotype.
La Piere and Allport; did they just generalize the Jewish stereotype (check the messageboard or refer to it)
You don’t attend to the disconfirming evidence but the confirming evidence. You persist with your stereotype even though you keep getting all of this disconfirming evidence.
Stereotypes as Exaggeratios: Grains of Truth?
Gender Differences in Height
We have the stereotype that men are taller than women but the actual difference is nowhere near as big as we think
We perceive that men are more than half a foot taller than women but they’re only 4 inches taller than women generally.
Macolly was interested in whether he might find stereotypes about AfricanAmericans were just exaggerations
Evidence of Other Exaggerations?
It’s important to discover if the stereotype is made up or if it’s based in some grain of truth.
McCauley and Stitt; accuracy of black stereotypes
He recruited a bunch of people from various walks of life, high school students