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PSYCH 3F03 (153)


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Walter Peace

Lecture #21 Personality (Part IX) Ÿ Divisions amongst phenomena of psychological domains, personality psychology acknowledges all of the phenomena coexist inside a person, personality researcher has a goal to provide coherent view of the person of how these attributes are organized within a person, differing person from person Ÿ Delay of gratification refers to the ability to forgo an immediate reward, in favour of a larger reward later on Ÿ Certain ways in which everyone shows delaying gratification, all of us show it, and all the rewards differ, the longer we have to wait, the less we care about it, but the larger the reward is, the longer we want to wait for it Ÿ People differ in their ability to look away from something immediate and rewarding now, for something better later on Ÿ We are constantly in this civilization where we are asked or required to delay gratification (kindergarten teacher asking student to settle down) Ÿ Jack and jean are a pair of researchers who met at Berkeley and married in the 1950s and early 60s, became professors and decided to study personality the long way; take three-year olds and study them their entire careers (from the San Francisco area) assessments every year, then particular developmental milestones Ÿ The goal was to show that there is a deep structure to personality, underlying continuity (temper tantrums at age 5, doesn’t predict the same tantrums at age 30, but it may reflect impulse control or mood regulation that expresses itself differently in later years)àslide 4 Ÿ People develop broad, individual generalized differences, vary widely Ÿ There is a belief that surface behaviours change from childhood to adolescence to adulthood, but there is an underlying behaviour that can be studied and observed, self-reported dated from parents and teachers and behavioural performance data Ÿ Jack and jean had the idea of two dimensional levels of personality, called ego-control and ego- resiliency, the second qualifies the first Ÿ The first of these is called ego-control and is how you typically regulate your impulses, are you impulsive or are you more controlled person, two extremes, the under controller who typically act on their impulses and the other end of the continuum is the over controller, they are inhibited, the control their urges Ÿ Ego control is about typical behaviour (sort of like a trait) Ÿ Ego resiliency is about what you are able to do, not what you do typically, but what you areABLE to do, your ability as a capacity of an individual to modify your typical level of ego-control because the situation may demand it (a controlled person, can you relax at some point, let loose at a party?, if you are an under controller, when you have an exam approaching can you exercise your impulses, get your act together) Ÿ Ego resiliency is when you shift your ego-control to specific situations, an ego-vulnerable person
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