Class Notes (837,539)
Canada (510,303)
Psychology (5,220)
PSYCH 3GG3 (17)
Lecture 13

PSYCH 3GG3 Lecture 13: Lecture 13

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Mel Rutherford

Lecture 13 – October 18 White-crowned sparrow • Has to hear older males months before producing song • Instinct to learn songs from older males Vervet Monkey • 3 alarm calls for different predators • Humans can learn things that have never been said before, monkeys can not Viki • Lived with human family and went through intense language training • Their own kids could learn language without intensive training, but viki required much more training and never really • Learned papa, mama and cup, but mixed them up if she got excited, did not really know what they meant Language is part of our psychology • Language is a human universal, anywhere there are humans, there is language • Not more complex in more complex societies - different from art, this is more primitive in primitive societies and more complex in complex societies • Language is not an artifact or innovation, unlike agriculture, the controlled use of fire, art, written language - these things you can pinpoint where it was invented in history and trace how it spread - you cannot do this with language • Language to humans is like echolocation is part of bat psychology, you don't have to ask about nature vs. nurture • Systems theory: it is a developmental resource - reliably present, species typical Language is a good case study in evolutionary psychology • We are not going to ask questions about nature vs nurture or learned vs evolved, learning and evolution work together • Children born into an English family speak English and children born into a Japanese speaking family speak Japanese - learned through the same learning mechanism • Language is clearly learned and it is reliably developing • What is the learning mechanism designed to do? Language acquisition • Rich, evolved and prepared set of psychological mechanisms designed to learn language • Viki did not learn language because she does not have the learning mechanisms for language Noam Chomsky • Father of modern linguistics • At the time, the field was dominated by behaviourists • BF skinner has just written verbal behaviour - where he claimed that language is just another behaviour and can be entirely explained by operant and classical conditioning • Chomsky argues that general purpose learning mechanisms are not sufficient to explain language acquisition • Complex abstract rule govern word order and sentence formation - instinct blindness: we're following rules we don't even know we're following, we think our common language is easy - if you learn English as a second language then you might be more aware of these rules, but if English is your first language you don't realize you're employing them • Children learn them quickly at a time when other capacities are immature - these rules are abstract but, according to behaviourists, children are not supposed to learning abstract rules at the age that they are Chomsky 1. The input is insufficient - adult language is awful, but children learn from these models 2. Children generate novel sentences - when speaking of oper
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 3GG3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.