January 29 3UU3 Lecture
Visual Word Recognition
How do you match the particular word that you’re seeing to that which you have in your head?
• How do you give it form
• Give it meaning
• It is called lexical access
• Connective words to make sense of the whole thing
Taking the perceptual input, organizing it, and mapping it. (slide one)
Reading: we can read without having every letter in the right place—if they weren’t as
predictable—we would not be able to read it
• When you have to prove that you’re a human on computers—we can articulate the things
What are the differences between hearing the word versus seeing the word?
• Some commonalities, some differences
o Using ears versus eyes
o Rapid fading in spoken, not in written
o Developmentally different—spoken language acquired faster than reading and
writing (evolutionary—spoken language is more evolved and optimized to suit
o Different amounts of variation—a vs. eh, etc.
• To what extent does studying visual word recognition help us understand spoken word
o It is easier—especially presenting people words while speaking
o If you really want to study reading—auditory stuff—visual stuff to tell more
general about word recognition—what will actually help?
o Visual word recognition will tell us about spoken language recognition
• Lexical access
• “aha” this percept refers to this—aids with understanding meaning
• Used to look for visual and reading processes
Eye Movements (tracking movement as a method of understanding how you’re doing something)
• Saccades jumping movements that your eyes make –essentially blind when your eyes
• Fixation timeshow long you spend on each part of a sentence
• Foveal vs para-fovealwhich part of eye Eye movements: English—can take in 15 characters to the right of fixation, 4 to the left
• Also look at regressions
• Look where eyes are jumping—sometimes we jump back even though we don’t realize
• Has to do with ambiguity and difficulty—we slow down w