Class Notes (922,055)
CA (542,707)
McMaster (43,270)
PSYCH (5,381)
PSYCH 1F03 (139)
Joe Kim (131)
Lecture 8

PSYCH 1F03 Lecture 8: 8

6 Pages

Course Code
Joe Kim

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Page: of

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
ATTENTION: Phenomenon Model Hypothesis William James defined attention, which is a challenging task. Selection act of attending to an object to select it apart from the unattended objects; ex: light flashing in periphery o Attention is an active process; we actively choose where to select our attention. Attention (alternate definition) ones conscious ability to attend to the info that is relevant to our goals. o Irrelevant info acts as noise that makes it difficult to attend to the important info. o When irrelevant info overwhelms us, we get distracted. Automatic and Controlled Attention: Automatic Processes involuntary capturing attention through being triggered by external events; fast, efficient, obligatory. Controlled Processes voluntary, conscious attention to objects of interest; slow, effortful (due to more cognitive effort); ex: driving (changing lanes, stations, etc.) o Our attentional resources are limited, and must be controlled carefully. Salient Information found in automatic processes; info that captures our attention automatically, intentionally or not. The Spotlight Model (Michael Posner): Attentional spotlight focuses on one part of the environment at a time. Can be consciously directed across a visual scene; can also be taken over by unconscious processes that quickly grab your attention. o Objects within the spotlight = faster reaction time, higher accuracy. Cuing Paradigms: o Cuing to target can ease the fluency of processing at that location. o Test the automatic processes of attention. o Participant determines whether a star appears in the left or right box on a screen. Box that flashes may not contain the star. o Flashing box automatically attracts the attentional spotlight to the cued location. If target is in cued location: attention will amplify the perceptual processing of the target (detected quickly). If target is in uncued location: target detected slower, since attentional spotlight is directed elsewhere. o Attention does not immediately rely on sight; attentional spotlight can still miss important information.Filter Models: suggests that attention works by filtering distractions and allowing only important information through o Cocktail Party Effect the ability to separate target sounds from background noise is based on physical characteristics (gender, pitch, speech speed). Ex: in a busy party, you can still hear and listen to your conversation partner o Filters suppress noise; spotlights enhance stimuli. Information Filter Further Processing. Example: Flower o Spotlight model: enhances the flower, relative to the grass o Filter model: attention ignores the grass and allows the flower to be attended to Single Filter Model (Donald Broadbent): o Attentional filter selects important information based on physical characteristics; allows the information to continue on for further processing. o Information that does not pass through the early physical filter is deemed unimportant. o Accepts less information than dual f
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.