PSYCH 1X03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Problem Solving, Functional Fixedness, Cognitive Bias

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11 Oct 2018
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Intelligence: the cognitive ability of an individual to learn from experience, reason well, remember important information, and cope with demands of daily living. Intelligence is a hypothetical construct that is difficult to measure. Functional fixedness: a bias limiting views to using an object only in the way it is traditionally used. Reliability: ability to do the produce repeated results upon multiple trials. Bounded rationality: cognitive limitations prevent humans from being fully rational. Perspectives in psychology change the focus of research questions we pursue and the type of answers we find. Anchoring: the bias to be affected by an initial anchor, even if the anchoring is arbitrary. Framing: cognitive bias in which people react to a particular choice in different ways depending on how it is presented. Intelligence is defined as the cognitive ability of an individual to learn from experience, reason well, remember important information, and cope with the demands of daily living.

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