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Lecture 11

PSYCH 1X03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Albert Bandura, Social Learning Theory, Social FacilitationPremium


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1X03
Professor
Joe Kim
Lecture
11

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PSYCH1X03Lecture11InfluenceofOthers
ThePresenceofOthers:
● Coactors:otherindividualsperformingthesametask.
● Audience:agroupwatchinganindividualperformatask.
● Socialfacilitation:whenanindividualexperiencesincreasedperformancewhen
performingataskinthepresenceofcoactorsoranaudience.
● Generally,thepresenceofothersincreasesperformanceonsimpletasksbutdecreases
performanceoncomplextasks.
SocialLearningTheory:
● AtheorythatwasproposedbyAlbertBandurawhichsuggeststhatwelearnbehaviours
byimitatingthebehaviourofothers.
● Behaviourslearnedfromothersdonotalwaysrequireexplicitreinforcementtodevelop.
NormativeFunctionandComparativeFunction:
● Thenormativeandcomparativefunctionsdescribetwowaysinwhichweareinfluenced
inagroupsetting.
● Normativefunction:theroleofothersinsettingstandardsforourconductbasedona
fearofrejection.
Weoftenconformtowhatothersaredoing,evenifitisagainstourbeliefs,justto
fitin.
● Comparativefunction:theroleofothersinprovidinginformationaboutanambiguous
situation.
Inasituationwherewedonotknowwhattodo,weoftenlooktootherstofind
theappropriatebehaviour.
GroupDynamics:
● Grouppolarization:groupdecisionmakingamplifiestheoriginalinclinationsofthe
individualgroupmembers.
Ifindividuallythegroupmemberswerethinkingaboutmakingariskydecision,as
agrouptheywillmakeanevenriskierdecision.
Ifindividuallythegroupmemberswerethinkingaboutmakingareserved
decision,asagrouptheywillmakeanevenmorereserveddecision.
● Groupthink:agroupdecisionmakingenvironmentwheregroupmembersbelievethat
theyareunquestionablyrightandthatallothergroupsarewrong.
Groupsfallingvictimtogroupthinkdonotcriticallyanalyzetheideasofthegroup
andrejectanygroupmemberswithopposingviews.
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